The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Archive
Related articles

VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 2 ( Winter Issue, 1999 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Dental Hygiene Fear: Gender and Age Differences

Cynthia C. Gadbury-Amyot, Karen B. Williams

Citation Information : Gadbury-Amyot CC, Williams KB. Dental Hygiene Fear: Gender and Age Differences. J Contemp Dent Pract 1999; 1 (2):1-11.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-1-2-1

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-04-2000

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2000; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Studies aimed at examining gender and age differences as they relate to dental anxiety have begun to appear in the literature. The purpose of this investigation was to explore fear and anxiety in a dental hygiene setting and evaluate gender and age differences among four sub-scales of dental hygiene fear.

The Dental Hygiene Fear Survey (DHFS) was developed to address patient reaction to dental hygiene treatment. The University of Washington Dental Fears Model was the theoretical model used for it identifies four domains of dental fear: fear of specific stimuli, generalized anxiety, fear of catastrophe, and distrust.

Males and females respond differently to dental hygiene treatment with women reporting significantly (p<.05) greater fear overall than males. Examination of the four dental hygiene fear sub-scales show that females report greater fear (p<.05) in relation to specific fear and generalized anxiety. There were no significant differences across age categories on total fear scores or within any of the sub-scales.

Characterization of the dental hygiene fear patient along with knowledge of procedures that elicit anxiety can assist the practitioner in recognizing dental hygiene-related fear. With this foundation, the practitioner can then develop management strategies specific to this phenomenon.


PDF Share
  1. Dental anxiety among middle-aged and elderly women in Sweden. A study of oral state, utilization of dental services and concomitant factors. Gerodontology 1996;13:25-34.
  2. The prevalence and practice management consequences of dental fear in a major U.S. city. J Am Dent Assoc 1988;116:641-647.
  3. Dental fear and avoidance: Causes, symptoms, and consequences. J Am Dent Assoc 1984;109:247-251.
  4. Assessing The Need For Anesthesia and Sedation In The General Population. J Am Dent Assoc 1998;129:167-173.
  5. Review of behavioral research in dentistry 1987-1992: dental anxiety, dentist-patient relationship, compliance and dental attendance. Int Dent J 1993;43:265-78.
  6. Gender and age differences in attitudes to dental pain and dental control. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1997;25:314-8.
  7. The relationship of age and gender to fear and anxiety response to dental care. Spec Care Dentist 1997;17:82-87.
  8. Assessing Abuse and Neglect And Dental Fear In Women. J Am Dent Assoc 1996;127:485-490.
  9. Desire for control, felt control, and stress inoculation training during dental treatment. J Pers Soc Psychol 1994;10:926-36.
  10. Correlates of dental anxiety among older adults. J Dent Res 1991;70:198-203.
  11. Anxiety about dental hygienist treatment. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1993;21:91-95.
  12. An Investigation of Dental Hygiene Treatment Fear. J Dent Hyg 1996;70:115-121.
  13. What Hurts During Dental Hygiene Treatment. J Dent Hyg 1998;72:25-30.
  14. Treating Fearful Dental Patients—A Patient Management Handbook. Reston, Virginia; 1995.
  15. Assessment of dental fear. Behav Ther 1978;9:626-634.
  16. Gender and Communication Style in General Practice: Differences Between Women's Health Care and Regular Health Care. Med Care 1998;36:100-106.
  17. Factors that influence the patient centeredness of a consultation. Br J Gen Pract 1995;45:520-524.
  18. Taking care of patients-does it matter whether the physician is a woman? West J Med 1988;149:729-36.
  19. Fears in mental retardation : I. Types of fears reported by men and women with and without mental retardation. Adv Behav Res Ther 1994;16:277-296.
  20. ” Retrieved November 16, 1999 from the World Wide Web http://www.health.gov/healthypeople/
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.