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VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 1 ( January, 2009 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Severe Fracture of the Maxillary Alveolar Process Associated with Extrusive Luxation and Tooth Avulsion: A Case Report

Célia Saito, Jéssica Gulinelli, Leandro Cardoso, Idelmo Rangel Garcia, Sônia Panzarini, Wilson Poi, Celso Sonoda

Citation Information : Saito C, Gulinelli J, Cardoso L, Garcia IR, Panzarini S, Poi W, Sonoda C. Severe Fracture of the Maxillary Alveolar Process Associated with Extrusive Luxation and Tooth Avulsion: A Case Report. J Contemp Dent Pract 2009; 10 (1):91-97.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-10-1-91

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-01-2009

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2009; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

The aim of this report is to present a case of severe fracture of the maxillary anterior alveolar process with substantial bone dislodgement associated with extrusive tooth luxation and avulsion.

Background

Dentoalveolar trauma is a challenge to dentistry, especially in young patients, for it can lead to early tooth loss which compromises oral function, esthetics, self-esteem, and alter the long-term plan of care for the victim.

Case Report

A 12-year-old girl with severe dentoalveolar trauma to the maxillary anterior region presented for emergency care for her injury. Treatment consisted of fracture reduction of the alveolar process, repositioning of the teeth that had suffered extrusive luxation, placement of a semi-rigid splint, and suturing of soft tissue lacerations. The traumatized teeth presented with pulpal necrosis and were treated endodontically. After 24 months of follow up, the fracture of the alveolar process was completely healed and the displaced teeth presented no signs of ankylosis or root resorption.

Summary

First-aid care contributed remarkably to this case allowing the re-establishment of esthetics, function, and patient's self-esteem. In spite of trauma extension the treatment outcomes were favorable.

Clinical Significance

Cases of dentoalveolar trauma should be evaluated on an individual basis. However, early emergency management and adequate follow-up can prevent further complications and contribute to treatment success.

Citation

Saito C, Gulinelli J, Cardoso L, Garcia Jr IR, Panzarini S, Poi W, Sonoda C. Severe Fracture of the Maxillary Alveolar Process Associated with Extrusive Luxation and Tooth Avulsion: A Case Report. J Contemp Dent Pract 2009 January; (10)1:091-097.


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