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VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 3 ( May, 2009 ) > List of Articles


A Comparison of Two Methods of Removing Zinc Oxide-eugenol Provisional Cement Residue from the Internal Surfaces of Cast Restorations

Ramin Mosharraf, Bahram Soleimani, Mehdi Sanaee-Nasab

Citation Information : Mosharraf R, Soleimani B, Sanaee-Nasab M. A Comparison of Two Methods of Removing Zinc Oxide-eugenol Provisional Cement Residue from the Internal Surfaces of Cast Restorations. J Contemp Dent Pract 2009; 10 (3):27-34.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-10-3-27

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-06-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2009; The Author(s).



Remnants of provisional cement on the internal surface of cast restorations can have an adverse effect on the performance of the definitive luting agent. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of eugenolcontaining temporary cement removal by an ultrasonic or an organic solvent on the retentive strength of metallic rings cemented to amalgam cores using zinc phosphate cement.

Methods and Materials

A total of 36 cylindrical amalgam cores measuring 5.9×6 mm were made by condensing amalgam in brass molds for use in this in vitro study. Thirty-six cylindrical spaces measuring 6×6 mm were machined in the center of cast rods of Rexillium III alloy to create simulated retainers. The amalgam cores were divided into two groups and provisionally cemented in these cylindrical spaces (retainers) using zinc oxide–eugenol cement. After separation of the cores from the retainers, one group was cleaned with an ultrasonic cleaning device with water and the other group was cleaned with Solitine organic solvent. All specimens were then cemented with zinc phosphate cement and the samples were stored at 100% humidity in a 37°C water bath after which they were tested with a DARTEK testing machine at a 0.02 cm/minute cross head speed. The data were analyzed using the Independent t-test.


The statistical analysis revealed a significant difference between the two groups (p<0.0005) with the ultrasonic group having significantly higher separation forces than the Solitine group.


Specimens treated with the ultrasonic cleaner showed a higher mean separation force (282.2 MPa) than the solvent group (439.5 MPa).

Clinical Significance

Despite the convenience of using an organic solvent for cleaning the internal surface of cast restorations, the ultrasonic cleaning method is more effective for removing zinc-oxide temporary cement.


Mosharraf R, Soleimani B, Sanaee-Nasab M. A Comparison of Two Methods of Removing Zinc Oxide-eugenol Provisional Cement Residue from the Internal Surfaces of Cast Restorations. J Contemp Dent Pract 2009 May; (10)3:027-034.

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