The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Archive
Related articles

VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 4 ( July, 2009 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Teething Problems and Parental Beliefs in Nigeria

Foluso J. Owotade, Morenike O. Folayan, Temitope A. Esan, Elizabeth O. Oziegbe, Comfort A. Adekoya-Sofowora

Citation Information : Owotade FJ, Folayan MO, Esan TA, Oziegbe EO, Adekoya-Sofowora CA. Teething Problems and Parental Beliefs in Nigeria. J Contemp Dent Pract 2009; 10 (4):75-82.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-10-4-75

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-07-2009

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2009; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

To determine signs and symptoms associated with teething, parental beliefs about teething, and the effects of socioeconomic status on teething in Nigerian children.

Methods and Materials

A cross-sectional study consisting of 1,013 mothers of children between the ages four to 36 months who visited the immunization clinics at the Community Health Centres in Ife Central and Ife East Local Government Areas. Data was analyzed using STATA (Intercooled release 9) for Windows.

Results

A total of 765 mothers (75.5%) reported systemic signs and symptoms in their children. Fever (51.8%), diarrhea (12.5%), and vomiting (2.9%) were the most prevalent symptoms and signs reported. Teething problems were reported by 60% of mothers from a high socioeconomic class, as well as 76.7% and 77.9% from middle and low socioeconomic classes, respectively. Interestingly, 65.5% of mothers believed teething should be accompanied with systemic signs and symptoms such as fever (42.1%), diarrhea (13.9%), and vomiting (0.6%). No significant difference was noted between breastfeeding status, gender of the child, and reported systemic signs and symptoms noticed by the mothers.

Conclusion

Most mothers in the study reported signs and symptoms adduced to teething in their children irrespective of their beliefs. Fever ranked highest of the signs and symptoms reported. Mothers of children from the high socioeconomic class reported fewer teething symptoms. Breastfeeding status and gender of the child had no effect on teething problems in the children studied.

Clinical Significance

Most signs and symptoms adduced to teething by parents may actually be due to underlying infections. Thus, there is a need to rule out occult infection during the tooth eruption period.

Citation

Oziegbe EO, Folayan MO, Adekoya-Sofowora CA, Esan TA, Owotade FJ. Teething Problems and Parental Beliefs in Nigeria. J Contemp Dent Pract 2009 July; (10)4:075-082.


PDF Share
  1. Time of eruption of primary Dentition in Children from Saudi Arabia. J Contemp Dent Pract 2003; 4:65-75.
  2. “Nothing but the tooth”: Dispelling myths about teething. Contemporary Pediatrics July 2004; 21:75.
  3. Attitude, beliefs and practices of some Nigerian nurses toward teething in infants. Odontostomatol Trop. 2004; 27:22-26.
  4. Teething myths among community health officers. Odontostomatol Trop. 2005; 28:19-22.
  5. Evaluation of a photo-poster on nurses’ perceptions of teething problems in South-western Nigeria. Public Health. 2005; 119:276-282.
  6. A history of dentistry from ancient times until end of eighteenth century. Lea and Febiger, Philadephia, New York 1909.
  7. Local disturbances attributable to eruption of the human primary dentition. Br Dent J. 1971; 130:72-73.
  8. General disturbances attributable to eruption of the human primary dentition. J Dent Child. 1972a; 39:178-183.
  9. Standard occupational classification 1991;Vol 3 London: HMSO.
  10. Parents’ and medical personnel's beliefs about infant teething. Patient Education and Counseling. April 2005; 57:122-125.
  11. Pediatr Dent 1992; 14:82.
  12. Fever associated with teething. Arch Dis Child 1992;67:233.
  13. Symptoms associated with infant teething: A prospective study. Pediatrics 2000;105:747.
  14. General and local effects of the eruption of deciduous teeth. Ann Paediatr Finne 1968;14(suppl 29):1.
  15. Teething and tooth eruption in infants: A cohort study. Pediatrics 2000;106:1374.
  16. Systemic and local teething disturbance: prevalence in a clinic for infants. J Dent Child. 2004; 71(1):24-26.
  17. Experience of Turkish parents about their infants’ teething Child: Care, Health and Development 2004;30(4) 331-336.
  18. The validity and reliability of maternal recall of breastfeeding practice. Nutr Rev 2005; 63:103-10.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.