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VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 5 ( September, 2009 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Causes and Patterns of Loss of Permanent Teeth among Patients Attending a Dental Teaching Institution in South India

Pradeep S. Anand

Citation Information : Anand PS. Causes and Patterns of Loss of Permanent Teeth among Patients Attending a Dental Teaching Institution in South India. J Contemp Dent Pract 2009; 10 (5):58-68.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-10-5-58

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-09-2009

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2009; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

The aims of the present study are to determine the causes and pattern of loss of permanent teeth among patients attending a dental teaching institution in southern India.

Methods and Materials

Data collected from patients attending the outpatient wing of the Sri Sankara Dental College, Kerala, during a three month period was used for the study. The cause for extraction was classified as follows: (1) caries and its sequelae, (2) periodontal disease, (3) orthodontic purposes, (4) impactions, (5) prosthodontic purposes, and (6) other reasons.

Results

A total of 1791 permanent teeth were extracted of which 708 (39.5%) teeth were extracted due to caries and its sequelae, 508 (28.4%) due to periodontal disease, 347 (19.4%) for orthodontic purposes, 29 (1.6%) due to impactions, 155 (8.7%) for prosthodontic purposes, and 44 (2.5%) for other reasons.

Conclusion

The results of the present study suggest caries and periodontal disease are the major causes of tooth mortality in the study population.

Clinical Significance

Data regarding the causes of tooth loss indirectly provides invaluable information on the pattern of oral health in a population which can be utilized for planning public health policies designed to address the burden of oral diseases.

Citation

Anand PS, Kuriakose S. Causes and Patterns of Loss of Permanent Teeth among Patients Attending a Dental Teaching Institution in South India. J Contemp Dent Pract [Internet]. 2009 Sept; 10(5). Available from: http://www. thejcdp.com/journal/view/causes-and-patterns-ofloss- of-permanent-teethamong-patients-attendinga-d.


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