Relationship Between Patients’ Oral Health–Related Quality of Life, Satisfaction with Dentition, and Personality Profiles
Mahmoud K AL-Omiri, Firas A. M. Al Quran, Khaled Q. Al-Hamad, Jumana Karasneh
Citation Information :
AL-Omiri MK, Al Quran FA, Al-Hamad KQ, Karasneh J. Relationship Between Patients’ Oral Health–Related Quality of Life, Satisfaction with Dentition, and Personality Profiles. J Contemp Dent Pract 2009; 10 (6):49-56.
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between patients’ oral health–related quality of life, satisfaction with their dentition, and their personality profiles.
Methods and Materials
Eighty-four patients (30 males and 54 females; mean age 31.9±12.7 years) seeking routine dental treatment were recruited for this study. A “Dental Impact on Daily Living” (DIDL) questionnaire was used to assess dental satisfaction and impact on daily living. An “Oral Health Impact Profile” (OHIP) was used to measure self-reported discomfort, disability, and dysfunction caused by oral conditions. Oral health–related quality of life was assessed using the “United Kingdom Oral Health Related Quality of Life” measure (OHQoL-U.K). A “NEO Five Factor inventory” (NEO-FFI) was used to assess personality profiles.
The dentition has a measurable impact on daily living as well as with satisfaction with appearance, pain levels, oral comfort, general performance, and eating capability (p=0.000). Younger patients had more profound oral health impacts (p=0.045) and higher neuroticism scores (0.043). OHIP scores were significantly related to OHQoL-UK scores (p=0.000). DIDL scores had significant correlations with OHIP and OHQoLUK scores (p<0.05). Significant correlations were established between neuroticism and satisfaction with oral comfort, extraversion and total satisfaction and satisfaction with general performance, and openness and satisfaction with appearance (p<0.05). OHIP and OHQoLUK scores had no significant correlations with psychological profiles.
The status of the oral cavity can have a definitive impact on patients’ daily living and quality of life regardless age, gender, and level of education. Patients’ satisfaction with their dentition has definitive impacts on daily living, quality of life, and dental perceptions. Personality profiles (neuroticism; extraversion, and openness) may influence dental perceptions, play a significant role in shaping satisfaction with dentition, and help with the prediction of the dental impact on daily living.
Since patients’ satisfaction with their dentitions impacts their daily living and quality of life while affected by their psychological profiles, this should be considered when formulating a treatment plan for management for their dentition in order to obtain patient acceptance of the proposed treatment.
Karasneh J, Al-Omiri MK, Al-Hamad KQ, Al Quran FAM. Relationship Between Patients’ Oral Health–Related Quality of Life, Satisfaction with Dentition, and Personality Profiles. J Contemp Dent Pract [Internet]. 2009 Nov; 10(6):049-056. Available from: http://www. thejcdp.com/journal/view/volume10-issue6- karasneh.