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VOLUME 11 , ISSUE 2 ( March, 2010 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Evaluation of Periodontal Status in Subjects with Hyperlipidemia

Fatin Awartani, Farhed Atassi

Citation Information : Awartani F, Atassi F. Evaluation of Periodontal Status in Subjects with Hyperlipidemia. J Contemp Dent Pract 2010; 11 (2):33-40.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-11-2-33

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 00-03-2010

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2010; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study was to evaluate the periodontal status in subjects with hyperlipidemia and to determine whether there is any association between hyperlipidemia and periodontal disease.

Methods and Materials

Sixty female patients were enrolled in the study; group one is hyperlipidemic patients (30 subjects) and group 2 is systemically fit patients within the same age group (control; 30 subjects). In both groups body mass index (BMI) and clinical parameters were measured; plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP), pocket depth (PPD) as well as clinical attachment level (CAL) and biochemical parameters, including plasma triglyceride, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels, were evaluated.

Results

The mean values of BMI, PPD, CAL, PI (%), and BOP (%) for the hyperlipidemia group were significantly higher than those for the control group. Total cholesterol and LDL-C levels were significantly and positively associated with CAL. Plasma triglyceride level was significantly associated with PPD and CAL.

Conclusions

The results of our study showed that female patients with hyperlipidemia had higher values of periodontal parameters compared to control individuals. However, in the future studies with larger sample sizes in mixed gender populations are needed to determine the association between hyperlipidemia and periodontal disease.

Clinical Significance

The results of our study showed that female patients with hyperlipidemia might manifest clinically higher values of periodontal parameters compared to nonlipdemic individuals. However, due to the small sample size of this study the exact association between hyperlipidemia and periodontal disease is still uncertain. Care has to be taken with a hyperlipidemia patients and advice can be given to them for periodic periodontal checkup.

Citation

Awartani F, Atassi F. Evaluation of Periodontal Status in Subjects with Hyperlipidemia. J Contemp Dent Pract [Internet]. 2010 March; 11(2):033-040. Available from: http:// www.thejcdp.com/journal/view/volume11-issue2- awartani.


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