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VOLUME 11 , ISSUE 2 ( March, 2010 ) > List of Articles


Gingival Enlargement in Neurofibromatosis Type 1: A Case Report and Literature Review

Ashu Bhardwaj, Ajay Mahajan

Citation Information : Bhardwaj A, Mahajan A. Gingival Enlargement in Neurofibromatosis Type 1: A Case Report and Literature Review. J Contemp Dent Pract 2010; 11 (2):57-63.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-11-2-57

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-09-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2010; The Author(s).



The purpose of this article is to describe a rare case of neurofibromatosis1 (NF1) of the gingiva and a review of the current literature.


Neurofibromatosis1 (NF1) of the gingiva is an uncommon cause of gingival enlargement. The disease is clinically characterized by epidermal melanosis, nevi, and flabby skin or bone malformations; in addition, the lesions may undergo malignant transformation. Involvement of the gingiva with or without concurrent skin lesions has been reported only occasionally.

Case Description

A 40-year-old male patient with a history of NF1 came to us with a chief complaint of enlargement of the gums. Clinical examination revealed diffuse gingival enlargement with no signs of inflammation. The characteristic skin lesions associated with NF1 were also present. A gingival specimen was sent for biopsy.


Based on the history, clinical, and histological findings, NF1 was established as the cause of the gingival enlargement.


NF1 may affect the gingival tissue; considering the neurological complications and malignant potential, NF1 must be diagnosed early and monitored regularly.

Clinical Significance

The clinician should be aware of clinical and histopathological findings of NF1 considering the fact that the condition has malignant potential.


Mahajan A, Dixit J, Bhardwaj A. Gingival Enlargement in Neurofibromatosis Type 1: A Case Report and Literature Review. J Contemp Dent Pract [Internet]. 2010 March; 11(2):057-063. Available from: http://www.thejcdp. com/journal/view/volume11-issue2-mahajan.

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