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VOLUME 11 , ISSUE 4 ( July, 2010 ) > List of Articles


Oral Hygiene Status among Orthodontic Patients

Fatin Awartani, Farhad Atassi

Citation Information : Awartani F, Atassi F. Oral Hygiene Status among Orthodontic Patients. J Contemp Dent Pract 2010; 11 (4):25-32.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-11-4-25

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-01-2007

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2010; The Author(s).



The aim of this study was to evaluate the oral hygiene status of patients with fixed orthodontic appliances.

Methods and Materials

The following indices were used to evaluate the oral hygiene status of patients in orthodontic treatment: gingival bleeding index (GBI), plaque index (PI), and ortho-plaque index (OPI). A self-administrated questionnaire was prepared covering oral hygiene practice, oral hygiene cleaning aids, and number of visits to a dental hygienist.


Fifty patients (15–30 years old) were selected for the study from among the orthodontic patients treated at the King Saud University College of Dentistry, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Results showed that the PI and OPI were high with mean scores of 65.24 (SD 16.43) and 53.56 (SD 8.74) respectively, while the average GBI was a much lower value at 19.14 (SD 7.95). No significant difference was observed between male and female patients for the PI (p=0.925) and for the OPI (p=0.072), but a significant difference was observed for the GBI at the 5 percent significance level (p=0.033). The result of OPI showed that 20 (40 percent) of the patients had fair oral hygiene, whereas 30 (60 percent) had poor oral hygiene. Only 16 (32 percent) of the participants reported visiting the dental hygienist during their orthodontic treatment, while the remaining 34 (68 percent) did not.


The oral home care of the orthodontic patients surveyed was not at an optimal level, which indicated the need to establish an oral hygiene maintenance program.

Clinical Significance

Inadequate oral home care among orthodontic patients may make them more prone to develop gingivitis during orthodontic treatment. It is, therefore, essential that oral hygiene instructions and a hygiene maintenance program not be overlooked during orthodontic treatment.


Atassi F, Awartani F. Oral Hygiene Status among Orthodontic Patients. J Contemp Dent Pract [Internet]. 2010 July; 11(4):025-032. Available from: view/volume11-issue4-atassi

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