Intentional Replantation: A Procedure as a Last Resort
Hamid Jafarzadeh, Armita Rouhani, Babak Javidi, Morteza Habibi
Citation Information :
Jafarzadeh H, Rouhani A, Javidi B, Habibi M. Intentional Replantation: A Procedure as a Last Resort. J Contemp Dent Pract 2011; 12 (6):486-492.
Copyright © 2011; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.
To address the indications, contraindications, surgical procedure, complications following treatment, factors influencing the results and success rate of intentional replantation procedure.
Intentional replantation is extraction of a tooth to do extraoral root canal therapy, curettage of apical lesion when present, and its replacement in its socket. It has been proposed as an alternative to routine extraction; however, it should be considered a last resort because the root may be fractured during extraction.
The success rate of intentional replantation is far below than routine endodontic treatment or apical surgery. Difficultness of tooth extraction, the possibility of fracture during extraction and the risk of external resorption are some limitations of this treatment. The most common causes of failure in intentionally replanted teeth are external inflammatory resorption or replacement resorption and ankylosis caused by periodontal ligament damage.
The success rate up to 95% with an average retention of 3 to 5 years, has been reported.
In some cases, endodontic retreatment or apical surgery is impossible or impractical. In these situations, intentional replantation may be considered as a last resort for preserving the tooth, so all clinicians should know about its indications/contraindications, surgical procedure and complications following treatment.
How to cite this article
Rouhani A, Javidi B, Habibi M, Jafarzadeh H. Intentional Replantation: A Procedure as a Last Resort. J Contemp Dent Pract 2011;12(6):486-492.
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