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VOLUME 13 , ISSUE 1 ( January-February, 2012 ) > List of Articles


Alliance of Oral Hygiene Practices and Abrasion among Urban and Rural Residents of Central India

Neeraj Deshpande, Naveen S Yadav, Vrinda Saxena, Raghavendra Reddy, Suresh Kumar Kovvuru

Citation Information : Deshpande N, Yadav NS, Saxena V, Reddy R, Kovvuru SK. Alliance of Oral Hygiene Practices and Abrasion among Urban and Rural Residents of Central India. J Contemp Dent Pract 2012; 13 (1):55-60.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1095

Published Online: 01-08-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2012; The Author(s).



To attain alliance between the oral hygiene practices with prevalence of tooth abrasion among urban and rural adult population of Central India. To plan dental care services in inaccessible areas and to suggest appropriate remedial measures to prevent this avertable and self-inflicted injury of teeth in this cross-sectional study.

Materials and methods

A sum of 1045 adult residents both from Urban (529) and rural (516) parts of Bhopal district (Central India) was selected on a random basis. The multistage sampling technique was adopted to ascertain the sample size. In urban area the study population consisted of 240 males, 289 females and 201 males and 315 females in rural area respectively. All residents above 18 years of age from the Bhopal district were included in cross-sectional study. Assessment form comprises of questionnaire and general information on oral hygiene practices, dietary habits and medical history. Abrasion was assessed using diagnostic criteria recommended by Smith and Knight (modified). Chi- square test was used to test associations between categorical variables at 5% level of significance. Regression analysis attempted to define for risk factors causing abrasion. Literature on the prevalence of abrasion is very sparse, so attempt is made to correlate the etiological factors and recommend to prevent tooth wear.


Investigation of this cross-sectional study was aggregate of 1045 residences. Result shows high prevalence of abrasion 70.2%. Higher prevalence concomitant with diffident habits related to oral hygiene maintenance was recorded more among rural (76.9%) when compared to urban dwellers (63.7%). Presence of abrasion verifies statistical significance in relation to age, ruralurban difference and variations in habit of oral hygiene care. Stated in the present study, avertable and self-inflicted is toothabrasion, recurrently resulted by the reprehensible brushing method and common use of indigenous material for the maintenance of oral hygiene.


Shows significant liaisons with the presence of abrasions in relation to Urban and rural dwelling, age, material used and mode of brushing and duration of brushing. Indigenous and course material causes high amount of enamel wear and with the advancement in age abrasion tend to increase. Prevalence of abrasion does not show any gender predilection. Cultural believes, lifestyle and transition reflects in deviating presence of abrasion in populations.

How to cite this article

Yadav NS, Saxena V, Reddy R, Deshpande N, Deshpande A, Kovvuru SK. Alliance of Oral Hygiene Practices and Abrasion Among Urban and Rural Residents of Central India. J Contemp Dent Pract 2012;13(1): 55-60.

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