The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Archive
Related articles

VOLUME 13 , ISSUE 1 ( January-February, 2012 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Alliance of Oral Hygiene Practices and Abrasion among Urban and Rural Residents of Central India

Neeraj Deshpande, Naveen S Yadav, Vrinda Saxena, Raghavendra Reddy, Suresh Kumar Kovvuru

Citation Information : Deshpande N, Yadav NS, Saxena V, Reddy R, Kovvuru SK. Alliance of Oral Hygiene Practices and Abrasion among Urban and Rural Residents of Central India. J Contemp Dent Pract 2012; 13 (1):55-60.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1095

Published Online: 01-02-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2012; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Objectives

To attain alliance between the oral hygiene practices with prevalence of tooth abrasion among urban and rural adult population of Central India. To plan dental care services in inaccessible areas and to suggest appropriate remedial measures to prevent this avertable and self-inflicted injury of teeth in this cross-sectional study.

Materials and methods

A sum of 1045 adult residents both from Urban (529) and rural (516) parts of Bhopal district (Central India) was selected on a random basis. The multistage sampling technique was adopted to ascertain the sample size. In urban area the study population consisted of 240 males, 289 females and 201 males and 315 females in rural area respectively. All residents above 18 years of age from the Bhopal district were included in cross-sectional study. Assessment form comprises of questionnaire and general information on oral hygiene practices, dietary habits and medical history. Abrasion was assessed using diagnostic criteria recommended by Smith and Knight (modified). Chi- square test was used to test associations between categorical variables at 5% level of significance. Regression analysis attempted to define for risk factors causing abrasion. Literature on the prevalence of abrasion is very sparse, so attempt is made to correlate the etiological factors and recommend to prevent tooth wear.

Results

Investigation of this cross-sectional study was aggregate of 1045 residences. Result shows high prevalence of abrasion 70.2%. Higher prevalence concomitant with diffident habits related to oral hygiene maintenance was recorded more among rural (76.9%) when compared to urban dwellers (63.7%). Presence of abrasion verifies statistical significance in relation to age, ruralurban difference and variations in habit of oral hygiene care. Stated in the present study, avertable and self-inflicted is toothabrasion, recurrently resulted by the reprehensible brushing method and common use of indigenous material for the maintenance of oral hygiene.

Conclusion

Shows significant liaisons with the presence of abrasions in relation to Urban and rural dwelling, age, material used and mode of brushing and duration of brushing. Indigenous and course material causes high amount of enamel wear and with the advancement in age abrasion tend to increase. Prevalence of abrasion does not show any gender predilection. Cultural believes, lifestyle and transition reflects in deviating presence of abrasion in populations.

How to cite this article

Yadav NS, Saxena V, Reddy R, Deshpande N, Deshpande A, Kovvuru SK. Alliance of Oral Hygiene Practices and Abrasion Among Urban and Rural Residents of Central India. J Contemp Dent Pract 2012;13(1): 55-60.


PDF Share
  1. Abrasion of dentine by tooth brush and dentrifice. Odontol Revy 1966:17:17-27.
  2. Undersokningar avnagra av den svenska marknadens tandkramer. Del I Odontol Forren Tidskr 1964;29:211-48.
  3. Experiments and observation on the wasting of tooth tissue. Dent Cosmos 1907;49:109-16.
  4. Operative dentistry. Modern Theory and Practice. 1997;418-20.
  5. Tooth surface loss from abrasion, attrition and erosion. Den Update 19829373-74. 380-81.
  6. The etiology and pathogenesis of tooth wear. Oral Health 1999;83-91.
  7. Wear in Dentistry–Current Terminology. J Dent 1992;20:140-44.
  8. Pathology of the dental hard tissues. Is ted Copenhagen, Munksgaard 2007.
  9. Dental erosion I. Erosion like patterns occurring in association with other dental conditions. J Amer Dent Assoc 1972;84:571-76.
  10. Scanning microscopy of cervical erosion. J Am Dent Assoc 1977;94:726-29.
  11. Possible role of tensile stress in the etiology of cervical lesion of maxillary premolar-a finite element investigation. J Prosthet Dent 1984;52:374-80.
  12. A method for measurement of abrasion of dentine by tooth brush and dentrifrice. J Dent Res 1965;44:533-40.
  13. The etiology of noncarious cervical lesions. Int Dent Jnl 1999;49:139-43.
  14. A long-term clinical study evaluating the effect of dentrifrices in oral tissues. J Perio 1975;46:113-18.
  15. Appearance of tooth surface as observed in shadowed replicas in various age group in long-term studies after brushing in case of erosion and after exposure to citrus fruits. Odontol Rehab (supp) 1960;11:70-86.
  16. The prevalence of tooth root exposure and the relation of the extent of such exposure to the degree of abrasion in different age classes. J Dent Res 1941:20:565-81.
  17. Prevalence of oral soft and hard tissue lesions related to mechanical toothcleansing procedures. Community Dent Oral Epidem 1976;4:77-83.
  18. Abrasion of teeth by commercial dentrifices. J Amer Dent Assoc 1943;30:1036-45.
  19. Histological evaluation of gingival damage by tooth brushing. An experimental study in dog. Acta Odontol Scand 1975;33:119-27.
  20. A comparison of physical properties of several soft tooth brushes. J Mich Dent Assoc 1969;51:347-61.
  21. A new approach to the study of tooth wear. Int J Den Res 1991;70(30):204-07.
  22. Wear now? An update on the etiology of tooth wear. Quintessence Int May 1997;28(25):305-13.
  23. An index for measuring the wear of teeth. Dent J 1984;156:435-38.
  24. A comparison of pattern of tooth wear with etiological factors. Br Dent Jour 157:16-19.
  25. A survey of factors associated with cervical abrasions of tooth surface. J Perio 1976;47:148-54.
  26. An epidemiologic approach to tooth brushing and dental abrasion. Commu Dent Oral Epidemiol 1979;7:57-64.
  27. Investigation into the genesis of angular lesions at the cervical lesion of teeth. Review Quintessence Intern 1995;26:149-54.
  28. Noncarious cervical lesion in a Nigerian population: Abrasion or abfraction? Int Dent J 2003;49:139-43.
  29. Prevalence of tooth wear in 1007 dental patients. J Oral Rehabil 1996;23:232-39.
  30. The prevalence of noncarious cervical lesions in permanent dentition. J Oral Rehabilitation 2004;31:117-23.
  31. A survey of the correspondence between abrasion and tooth brushing habits in Erzurum. Turkey. Intn Dent J 2003;53:491-95.
  32. The prevalence of tooth wear in a cluster sample of adolescent school children and its relationship with potential explanatory factors. Br Dent J 1998;184:125-29.
  33. The study of tooth wear patterns and their associated etiologies in adults in Kelantan, Malaysia. Archives of Orofacial Sciences 2010;5(2):47-52.
  34. An epidemiological approach to tooth brushing and dental abrasion. Comm Dent Oral Epidem 1979;7:57-64.
  35. Analysis of etiological factors involved in non carious cervical lesions. Ann Acad Med Stetin 2006;52(3):125-36.
  36. The etiology of noncarious cervical lesions. Int Dent Jnl 1999;49:139-43.
  37. Prevalence of dentine hypersensitivity in a general dental practice in greece. J Clin Exp Dent 2011;3(5):e445-51.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.