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VOLUME 13 , ISSUE 1 ( January-February, 2012 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Antimicrobial Activity of Commercially Available Essential Oils Against Streptococcus mutans

Bhushan Arun Jawale, Lalit Kumar D Chaudhari, Sheeba Sharma, CD Mounesh Kumar, Pooja Adwait Kulkarni

Citation Information : Jawale BA, Chaudhari LK, Sharma S, Kumar CM, Kulkarni PA. Antimicrobial Activity of Commercially Available Essential Oils Against Streptococcus mutans. J Contemp Dent Pract 2012; 13 (1):71-74.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1098

Published Online: 01-02-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2012; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction

Many essential oils have been advocated for use in complementary medicine for bacterial and fungal infections. However, few of the many claims of therapeutic efficacy have been validated adequately by either in vitro testing or in vivo clinical trials.

Objective

To study the antibacterial activity of nine commercially available essential oils against Streptococcus mutans in vitro and to compare the antibacterial activity between each material.

Methodology

Nine pure essential oils; wintergreen oil, lime oil, cinnamon oil, spearmint oil, peppermint oil, lemongrass oil, cedarwood oil, clove oil and eucalyptus oil were selected for the study. Streptococcus mutans was inoculated at 37°C and seeded on blood agar medium. Agar well diffusion assay was used to measure antibacterial activity. Zone of inhibition was measured around the filter paper in millimeters with vernier caliper.

Results

Cinnamon oil showed highest activity against Streptococcus mutans followed by lemongrass oil and cedarwood oil. Wintergreen oil, lime oil, peppermint oil and spearmint oil showed no antibacterial activity.

Conclusion

Cinnamon oil, lemongrass oil, cedarwood oil, clove oil and eucalyptus oil exhibit antibacterial property against S. mutans.

Clinical significance

The use of these essential oils against S. mutans can be a viable alternative to other antibacterial agents as these are an effective module used in the control of both bacteria and yeasts responsible for oral infections.

How to cite this article

Chaudhari LKD, Jawale BA, Sharma S, Sharma H, Mounesh Kumar CD, Kulkarni PA. Antimicrobial Activity of Commercially Available Essential Oils Against Streptococcus mutans. J Contemp Dent Pract 2012;13(1):71-74.


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