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VOLUME 13 , ISSUE 3 ( May-June, 2012 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Effect of Chemical Disinfectant on the Transverse Strength of Heat-polymerized Acrylic Resins Subjected to Mechanical and Chemical Polishing: An in vitro Study

Deepthi Kalahasti, Smitha Sharan, Harish Konde

Citation Information : Kalahasti D, Sharan S, Konde H. Effect of Chemical Disinfectant on the Transverse Strength of Heat-polymerized Acrylic Resins Subjected to Mechanical and Chemical Polishing: An in vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2012; 13 (3):389-393.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1156

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-06-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2012; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aims

To evaluate the effect of chemical disinfectant on the transverse strength of heat-polymerized acrylic resins subjected to mechanical and chemical polishing.

Materials and methods

A total of 256 rectangular specimens (65 × 10 × 3 mm) 128 per resin (Lucitone-199 and Acralyn-H) were fabricated. One side of each specimen was not polished and the other was either mechanically (n = 96) or chemically (n = 96) polished and immersed for 10, 30 and 60 minutes in 2% alkaline glutaraldehyde. Mechanically polished (n = 32) and chemically polished (n = 32) control specimens were immersed only in distilled water. The transverse strength (N/mm2) was tested for failure in a universal testing machine, at a crosshead speed of 5 mm/min. Data were statistically analyzed using 2-way ANOVA and Student t-test.

Results

chemical polishing resulted in significantly lower transverse strength values than mechanical polishing. Lucitone- 199 resin demonstrated the highest overall transverse strength for the materials tested. Heat-polymerized acrylic resins either mechanically or chemically polished, did not demonstrate significant changes in transverse strength during immersion in the disinfecting solution tested, regardless of time of immersion.

Conclusion

Lucitone-199 resin demonstrated the highest overall transverse strength for the materials tested and significantly stronger than Acralyn-H with either type of polishing following immersion in 2% alkaline glutaraldehyde.

Clinical significance

There is a concern that immersion in chemical solutions often used for cleansing and disinfection of prostheses may undermine the strength and structure of denture base resins. In this study it was observed that, the transverse strength of samples of Lucitone-199 was higher than that of the samples of Acralyn-H. The chances of fracture of the denture made of Lucitone-199 are less than that of dentures made of Acralyn-H. The chemically polished dentures may be more prone to fracture than mechanically polished dentures.

How to cite this article

Sharan S, Kavitha HR, Konde H, Kalahasti D. Effect of Chemical Disinfectant on the Transverse Strength of Heat-polymerized Acrylic Resins Subjected to Mechanical and Chemical Polishing: An in vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2012;13(3):389-393.


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