The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Archive
Related articles

VOLUME 13 , ISSUE 4 ( July-August, 2012 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Epidemiological Survey on Edentulousness

N Simhachalam Reddy, Nallala Amarendra Reddy, R Narendra, Sashi Deepth Reddy

Citation Information : Reddy NS, Reddy NA, Narendra R, Reddy SD. Epidemiological Survey on Edentulousness. J Contemp Dent Pract 2012; 13 (4):562-570.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1187

Published Online: 00-08-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2012; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aims and objectives

The present study was planned to assess the level of edentulousness, cause of edentulousness, denture wearing and denture needs of the middle and elderly in the society and study was correlated between habits and socioeconomic variables, diet and body mass index (BMI).

Materials and methods

A total of 500 subjects (random sampling) from dental outpatient were studied. A prepared questionnaire was developed, explained, interviewed and questions were filled personally.

Results

The level of edentulousness was found to be high in the subjects with low socioeconomic status and in advancing age with no significant difference between male and females. Another finding was very low level of denture wearing of 62% needing complete denture and partial denture only 10.4% of subjects wearing dentures.

Mixed diet population had higher level of edentulousness compared with vegetarians. The BMI was correlated with level of edentulousness.

Conclusion

The study clearly showed that there is lack of dental awareness, so dental education and motivation in very important. The study concludes that the need for prosthodontics care will increase due to the increase in life span.

This study is clinically significant with regard to knowing the root cause of edentulism, either partial or complete. Out of 62% tooth loss, dental caries (37.4%) topped the cause for tooth loss followed by combination of dental caries and periodontal disease (12.2%).

How to cite this article

Reddy NS, Reddy NA, Narendra R, Reddy SD. Epidemiological Survey on Edentulousness. J Contemp Dent Pract 2012;13(4):562-570.


PDF Share
  1. Dental needs and dental service use patterns of an elderly endentulous population. J Prosthet Dent 1985;54:526-32.
  2. Changing demographic and oral disease patterns and treatment needs in the scandinavian populations of old people. Int Dent J 1992;42:311-22.
  3. Complete edentulism and socioeconomic factors in a Jordanian population. Int J Prosthodont 2010;23:541-43.
  4. A survey of the reasons for dental extractions in France. J Dent Res 1985;64:1087-93.
  5. Risk indicators of edentulism, partial both loss and prosthetic status among black and white middle–aged and older adults. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2001;29:329-40.
  6. The association between socioeconomic status, oral hygiene practice, denture stomatitis and oral status in elderly people living different residential homes. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2011;53:252-57.
  7. The impact of the demographics of aging and the edentulous condition on dental care services. J Prosthet Dent 1998;79:56-69.
  8. Impact of tobacco use of periodontal status. J Dent Edu 2001;65:313-18.
  9. Association of total tooth loss with smoking, drinking alcohol and nutrition in elderly Japanese: Analysis of national database. Gerodontology 2007;24:87-92.
  10. Motivation: A factor in denture treatment. J Prosthet Dent 1967;17:5-15.
  11. Evidence for cigarette smoking as a major risk factor for periodontitis. J Periodontal 1993;64:16-23.
  12. Oral health status in the United States: Tooth loos and edentulism. J Dent Edu 1985;49:368-78.
  13. Edentulism and preventive goals in the treatment of mutilate dentition. Int Dent J 1990;40:267-74.
  14. Caries prevalence and tooth loss in Hungarian adult population: Results of a national survey. BMC Public Health 2008;21:364.
  15. The factors associated with body mass index in adults from the study of health in pomerania (SHIP-0), Germany. J Physiol Pharmacol 2008;59:5-16.
  16. Tooth loss in the elderly and its association with nutritional status, socioeconomic and lifestyle factors. Acta Odontol Scand 2007;65:78-86.
  17. Geriatric oral health issues in India. Int Dent J 2001;51:212-18.
  18. Prosthetic epidemiology. Int Dent J 1986;36:230-34.
  19. Edentulousness, denture wear and denture needs of Indian elderly–a community-based study. J Oral Rehabil 2004;31:467-76.
  20. Essentials of nutrition and diet therapy. Mosby, St. Louis: Times Miror; (5th ed) 302-05.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.