The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Archive
Related articles

VOLUME 13 , ISSUE 5 ( September-October, 2012 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Comparative Evaluation of Effectiveness of Sodium Dichloroisocyanurate and Calcium Hydroxide against Candida albicans

Jacob Kurian, Nagesh Bolla, Bhargavi Damaraju

Citation Information : Kurian J, Bolla N, Damaraju B. Comparative Evaluation of Effectiveness of Sodium Dichloroisocyanurate and Calcium Hydroxide against Candida albicans. J Contemp Dent Pract 2012; 13 (5):665-670.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1206

Published Online: 01-10-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2012; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction

Candida albicans is the most commonly isolated fungi from the oral cavity. It is the most infective to various intracanal medicaments and is considered as invasive yeast. Sodium dichloroisocyanurate (NaDCC) which is used as a disinfectant and as a biocide in treating potable water has similar action to that of sodium hypochlorite against microbes. The aim of the present study is to compare the effectiveness of calcium hydroxide and NaDCC against Candida albicans.

Materials and methods

After obtaining the stock cultures of Candida, the isolates were divided into six groups which were exposed to different concentrations of NaDCC and calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)2. Group 1 consisted of the isolates which were subdivided into three groups, subjected to three different concentrations of NaDCC. Group 2 also consisted of three subgroups exposed to three different concentrations of Ca(OH)2. Group three consisted of three subgroups which were exposed to three different concentrations of combinations of both NaDCC and Ca(OH)2.

Results

The results of the present study show that calcium hydroxide was totally ineffective at all concentrations and NaDCC was effective and also the combination of both was shown to be effective.

Conclusion

NaDCC alone was effective at all concentrations and the combination with Ca(OH)2 was found to be less effective. Ca(OH)2 was totally ineffective.

How to cite this article

Kurian J, Bolla N, Damaraju B. Comparative Evaluation of Effectiveness of Sodium Dichloroisocyanurate and Calcium Hydroxide against Candida Albicans. J Contemp Dent Pract 2012;13(5):665-670.


PDF Share
  1. Effectiveness of 2% chlorhexidine solution mixed with calcium hydroxide against Candida albicans. Aust Endod J 2008;34:133-35.
  2. In vitro antifungal efficacy of four irrigants as a final rinse. J Endod 2006;32:331-33.
  3. Effectiveness of intracanal irrigants and medications against yeat Candida albicans. J Endod 2002;28(2):68-71.
  4. Sodium dichloroisocyanurate, Joint expert committee for food additives (61st JECFA), 2004.
  5. Diagnostic microbiology (11th ed). Elsevier. 298-315.
  6. Antimicrobial activity of extracts of calcium hydroxide points. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Path Oral Radiol Endod 2002;93:593-95.
  7. Bactericidal and cytotoxic effects of sodium hypochlorite and sodium dichloroisocyanurate solutions in vitro. J Endod 2001;27:278-80.
  8. Soft tissue dissolution capacity of currently used and potential endodontic irrigants. J Endod 2004;30:785-87.
  9. Mechanism of antimicrobial activity of calcium hydroxide, a critical review. Int Endod J 1999;32:361-69.
  10. Evaluation of antifungal agents for endodontic use. J Dent Res 1967;46:215-17.
  11. Ingle's Endodontics (6 edn). BC Decker 2008;221-309.
  12. A comparision of sodium hypochlorite and sodium dichloroisocyanurate products. J Hosp Infec 1985;6:31-40.
  13. The antibacterial properties os sodium dichloroisocyanurate and sodium hypochlorite formulations. J Appl Bacteriol 1978;46:65-73.
  14. Fungi in therapy—resistant apical periodontitis. Int Endod J 1997;30:96-101.
  15. Fungal infection of the radicular dentin. J Endod 2002;28:(11): 770-73.
  16. Microbiological findings and clinical treatment procedures in endodontic cases selected for microbiological investigation. Int Endod J 1997;30:91-95.
  17. Antibacterial effects of various endodontic irrigants on selected anerobic bacteria. Endod Dent Traumatol 1993;9:95-100.
  18. Antiseptics and disenfectants: Activity, action, and resistance. Clin Microbiol Rev 1999;12:147-79.
  19. Microbiologic analysis of teeth with failed endodontic treatment and the outcome of conservative re-treatment. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Path Oral Radiol Endod 1998;85:86-93.
  20. An in vitro comparison of the antimicrobial effects of various endodontic medicaments on Enterococcus faecalis. J Endod 2007;33:567-69.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.