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VOLUME 13 , ISSUE 5 ( September-October, 2012 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Influence of Maternal Periodontal Disease as a Risk Factor for Low Birth Weight Infants in Indian Population

B Arun Kumar Chakki, Prahalad Hunsingi, Anoop Kumar, Prasanna Manidanappanavar

Citation Information : Chakki BA, Hunsingi P, Kumar A, Manidanappanavar P. Influence of Maternal Periodontal Disease as a Risk Factor for Low Birth Weight Infants in Indian Population. J Contemp Dent Pract 2012; 13 (5):676-680.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1208

Published Online: 01-10-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2012; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background

Low birth weight is a known problem worldwide and appears to be more pronounced in developing countries. In view of the implication of periodontal infection as one of the risk factors for low birth weight and considering the fact that in India only very few studies are conducted in this regard, the present study was conducted to determine whether maternal periodontal disease can act as a risk factor for low birth weight babies.

Materials and methods

The study group consisted of 62 primiparie mothers including 12 low birth weight cases who satisfied the inclusion/exclusion criteria. The age of the patients ranged from 18 to 37 years with a mean age of 23.27 years. Birth weight of the babies ranged from 1.64 to 3.75 kg and the mean weight was 2.67 Kg. Mean weight, height and body mass index (BMI) of the mothers were 53.47 Kg, 1.51 m, 23.48 respectively.

Results

Birth weight of the babies was regressed against age, BMI, plaque index (PI) and community periodontal index (CPI). Periodontitis was significantly associated (p < 0.0005) with a decrease of birth weight.

Conclusion

Periodontal disease was significantly related to preterm low birth weight.

How to cite this article

Chakki BAK, Ealla KR, Hunsingi P, Kumar A, Manidanappanavar P. Influence of Maternal Periodontal Disease as a Risk Factor for Low Birth Weight Infants in Indian Population. J Contemp Dent Pract 2012;13(5):676-680.


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