The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Archive
Related articles

VOLUME 13 , ISSUE 6 ( November-December, 2012 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Cephalometric Evaluation of Oropharyngeal Airway Dimension Changes in Pre- and Postadenoidectomy Cases

Jayaprakash Thirumala Reddy, Vinod Abraham Korath, Naveen Reddy Adamala, Gopinath Adusumilli, Saravanan Pichai, KVV Prathap Varma

Citation Information : Reddy JT, Korath VA, Adamala NR, Adusumilli G, Pichai S, Varma KP. Cephalometric Evaluation of Oropharyngeal Airway Dimension Changes in Pre- and Postadenoidectomy Cases. J Contemp Dent Pract 2012; 13 (6):764-768.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1226

Published Online: 01-12-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2012; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

The aim is to compare and evaluate the airway dimension changes, adenoidal nasopharyngeal ratio (ANR), airway area and airway percentage in patients in pre- and postadenoidectomy with normal individuals.

Materials and methods

After obtaining informed consent, a sample of 15 patients (eight males and seven females) of 7 to 12 years were selected for adenoidectomy by an otolaryngologist, lateral cephalograms were taken in natural head position before adenoidectomy and after 1 month postadenoidectomy. Statastical analysis was done to evaluate the results using Statastical Package for Social Sciences. Results showed airway (P1, P2, P3, P4), airway percentage, airway area showed singinficant increase (p < 0.0001), whereas ANR showed singnificant reduction after 1 month postadenoidectomy.

Conclusion

One month postadenoidectomy showed increased airway area, airway percentage and reduced ANR.

Clinical significance

Obstructive mouth breathing due to adenoids in growing children can cause alteration in craniofacial morphology leading to adenoid facies, adenoidectomy procedure helps in alleviating the obstruction and facilitates the normal growth of craniofacial complex.

How to cite this article

Reddy JT, Korath VA, Adamala NR, Adusumilli G, Pichai S, Varma KVVP. Cephalometric Evaluation of Oropharyngeal Airway Dimension Changes in Pre- and Postadenoidectomy Cases. J Contemp Dent Pract 2012; 13(6):764-768.


PDF Share
  1. Dentition of children with enlarged tonsils compared to control children. EJO 1989:416-29.
  2. Mouth breathing in allergic children: Its relationship to dentofacial development. AJO-DO 1983 Apr: 334-40.
  3. The reproducibility of natural head posture: A methodological study. AJO-DO 1988 Apr:280-88.
  4. Radiographic evaluation of adenoidal size in children; adenoidal nasopharyngeal ratio. Adapted from Imamura et al. AJO 2002 Aug;122:189-95.
  5. Growth of nasopharynx and adenoid development from 1 to 18 years. Angle Orthodont 1976;44:243.
  6. Neuromuscular and morphological adaptations in experimentally induced oral respiration. Adapted from nasorespiratory function and craniofacial growth, monograph 9, craniofacial growth series.
  7. The assessment of adenoidal size by radiological means. Adapted from Imamura et al. AJO August 2002;122:189-95.
  8. Discussion on mouthbreathing and nasal obstruction. Adapted from naso-respiratory function and craniofacial growth, monograph 9, craniofacial growth series.
  9. A longitudinal study of the growth of the nasopharynx and its contents in normal children. Adapted from Imamura et al. AJO 2002 Aug;122:189-95.
  10. Nasal obstruction and facial growth: The strength of evidence for clinical assumptions. AJO-DO 1998 Jun;603-11.
  11. Radiographic evaluation of children with nasopharyngeal obstruction due to the adenoid. Adapted from Imamura et al. AJO 2002 August;122:189-95.
  12. Adaptations of the mandible in children with adenoids. Adapted from naso-respiratory function and craniofacial growth, monograph 9, craniofacial growth series.
  13. Radiocephalometric analysis of anteroposterior nasopharyngeal dimensions in 6 to 12 year old mouth breathers compared with nose breathers. Adapted from Imamura et al. AJO 2002 Aug;122:189-95.
  14. Adenoids: Their effect on mode of breathing and nasal airflow and their relationship to characteristics of the facial skeleton and the dentition. Adapted from Imamura et al. AJO 2002 Aug;122:189-95.
  15. Mandibular growth direction following adenoidectomy. AJO-DO, 1986 Apr; 273-84.
  16. Normalization of incisor position after adenoidectomy. AJO-DO, 1993 May; 412-27.
  17. Naso-respiratory function and craniofacial growth. Adapted from naso-respiratory function and craniofacial growth, monograph 9, craniofacial growth series.
  18. Natural head position, a basic consideration in interpretation of cephalometric radiographs. Am J Phy Anthropol 1958;16;213-34.
  19. 3D analysis of pharyngeal airway morphology in growing japanese girls with and without cleft lip and palate. AJO-DO 2012 April.
  20. Comparison of the sizes of adenoidal tissues and upper airways of subjects with and without cleft lip and palate AJO 2002;122:189-95.
  21. Comparative study between the SFS and LFS rotation as a possible morphogenetic mechanism. Adapted from naso-respiratory function and craniofacial growth, monograph 9, craniofacial growth series.
  22. Nasal airflow in relation to facial morphology, AJODO 1981 Mar;79.
  23. Pharyngeal airway space changes after counterclockwise rotation of the maxillomandibular complex AJO 2001;120:154-59.
  24. Relation between nasorespiratory function and dentofacial morphology: A review AJO-DO 1982 Nov:403-10.
  25. Adenoid obstructionof the nasopharynx. Monograph 9, craniofacial growth series.
  26. Mode of respiration and facial growth. AJO-DO 1980 Nov.
  27. Consideration of airway in orthodontics. J Clin Orthodont 1978;12;440-44.
  28. Soft tissue stretching: A possible control factor in craniofacial morphogenesis, adapted from naso-respiratory function and craniofacial growth, monograph 9, craniofacial growth series.
  29. Assessment of nasopharyngeal airway, A rhinomanometric and radiographic study of childrens with adenoids. Acta Otolaryngol 1980;89:227-32.
  30. The significance of adenoid tissue in orthodontia. Angle Orthodont 1954;24:59.
  31. Craniofacial skeleton of 7-year-old children with enlarged adenoids. AJO-DO. 1987 Apr;300-04.
  32. Influences of nasal respiratory obstruction on craniofacial growth in young Macaca fuscata monkeys AJO-DO 1997 Jan;38-43.
  33. A quantified comparison of craniofacial form with nasal respiratory function. AJO-DO 1988 Sep;216-21.
  34. Vertical growth changes after adenoidectomy. Angle Orthod 2003;73:146-50.
  35. Respiratory mode and morphological types: Some thoughts and preliminary conclusions. Adapted from naso-respiratory function and craniofacial growth, monograph 9, craniofacial growth series.
  36. 3D analysis of pharyngeal airway in pre adoloscent children with different antero-posterior skeletal patterns. AJODO March 2012.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.