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VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 1 ( January-February, 2013 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Inpatient Evaluation of Periodontal, Esthetic and Inflammatory Parameters around Dental Implants and Natural Teeth

Güliz N Güncü, Gülüzar Büyüktepe, Sezen B AÕkin, Kamer Klllnç, Celal Tümer, Tolga F Tözüm

Citation Information : Güncü GN, Büyüktepe G, AÕkin SB, Klllnç K, Tümer C, Tözüm TF. Inpatient Evaluation of Periodontal, Esthetic and Inflammatory Parameters around Dental Implants and Natural Teeth. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013; 14 (1):90-95.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1277

Published Online: 01-02-2013

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2013; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

The use of endosseous dental implants (DI) has become a successful treatment alternative. However, providing periimplant tissue health and achieving a natural esthetic look are important topics in this treatment. The aim of the present study was to evaluate periodontal and esthetic parameters around DI and natural teeth (NT) and also to analyze myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and peri-implant sulcus fluid (PISF).

Materials and methods

Twenty DI supported fixed prosthesis and contralateral 20 NT were enrolled to the present study. Clinical periodontal parameters (probing depth, clinical attachment level, gingival bleeding time index and gingival index) were recorded and GCF/PISF samples were obtained from mesial (mesiobuccal and mesiolingual) and distal (distobuccal and distolingual) sites of DI and NT. MPO levels were spectrophotometrically determined. Additionally clinical photographs were obtained and esthetical evaluations were performed by using Jemt papilla index. The parameters belong to DI and NT were compared and correlations were evaluated using statistical analysis.

Results

A total of 40 samples were evaluated. No statistically significant differences were detected between groups in all periodontal parameters and MPO levels from mesial and distal sites. Jemt papilla index scores were slightly higher in NT however, this difference was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). Total PES score were similiar in DI and NT groups. Significant correlations were detected between MPO and gingival index values as expected.

Clinical significance

Dental implants are satisfactory treatments, they provide patient esthetic natural looking, phonetic and masticatory functions.

How to cite this article

Güncü GN, Büyüktepe G, AÕkin SB, KlllnH K, Tümer C, Tözüm TF. Inpatient Evaluation of Periodontal Esthetic and Inflammatory Parameters around Dental Implants and Natural Teeth. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):90-95.


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