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VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 2 ( March-April, 2013 ) > List of Articles


A Survey of Endodontic Practices among Dentists in Nigeria

Hamid Jafarzadeh, Christopher I Udoye, Paul V Abbott

Citation Information : Jafarzadeh H, Udoye CI, Abbott PV. A Survey of Endodontic Practices among Dentists in Nigeria. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013; 14 (2):293-298.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1316

Published Online: 01-08-2013

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2013; The Author(s).



To investigate the pattern of routine endodontic practices among Nigerian dentists.

Materials and methods

This study was a questionnaire-based survey of samples of dentists in the Nigerian cities of Enugu and Benin. The self-administered questionnaire contained 25 close-ended questions with multiple choice options. The data collected included demographic details of respondents, root canal preparation techniques, irrigants and intracanal medicaments used, the number of appointments, method of working length determination, root filling techniques, cements used, and the scope of treatment performed.


Most respondents used sodium hypochlorite as the irrigant, the step back technique for canal preparation, and lateral condensation with a zinc oxide-eugenol-based sealer for obturation. Most respondents did root canal treatment on all types of teeth and used radiographs to determine the working length 70% of the time. Most respondents followed up their patients for less than 12 months and most treated teeth with periapical areas larger than 10 mm by root canal therapy combined with apical surgery.


Most Nigerian dentists use step back technique for canal preparation and lateral condensation for obturation.

Clinical significance

Endodontic practice by Nigerian dentists differs from some established practice quality guidelines in many other countries, particularly in nonperfusion of modern techniques into practice, popularity of antibiotic use for endodontic emergencies and a high rate of perforations.

How to cite this article

Udoye CI, Sede MA, Jafarzadeh H, Abbott PV. A Survey of Endodontic Practices among Dentists in Nigeria. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(2):293-298.

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