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VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 3 ( May-June, 2013 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Effect of Trichloroacetic Acid Hydrogel on Self-Etch Adhesive Bond Strength to Dental Tissues

Maryam Khoroushi, Kamyar Fathpour

Citation Information : Khoroushi M, Fathpour K. Effect of Trichloroacetic Acid Hydrogel on Self-Etch Adhesive Bond Strength to Dental Tissues. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013; 14 (3):375-380.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1331

Published Online: 01-06-2013

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2013; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction

Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) is a soft tissue cauterizing agent applied to gingival margins prior to cervical tooth-colored restorations. The present in vitro study evaluated the effects of two different concentrations of TCA hydrogel as a hemostatic/preconditioning agent on the shear bond strength (SBS) of a self-etch adhesive to tooth structures.

Materials and methods

Thirty-six flat enamel and 36 flat dentin surfaces were prepared using human molars; each group was subdivided into three subgroups (n = 12). The groups were made ready as follows: In groups 1 (E1 and D1), the enamel (E) and dentin (D) surfaces were designated as control groups and remained intact. In groups 2 (E2 and D2), 35% TCA gel was applied to enamel and dentin surfaces for 30 seconds. In groups 3 (E3 and D3), 50% TCA gel was applied to enamel and dentin surfaces for 30 seconds. Clearfil SE Bond and Z100 composite resin were applied to the surfaces according to manufacturers¡¦ instructions. After 24 hours of incubation and thermocycling, the composite cylinders underwent an SBS test in a DARTEC test machine. Data were analyzed using the ANOVA and Scheffé's test (α = 0.05).

Results

The mean SBS ± SD in the study groups were 34.73 ± 5.66, 35.32 ± 7.3, 23.75 ± 9.67, 20.94 ± 9.84, 19.32 ± 6.20, 23.50 ± 6.63 MPa in the E1, E2, E3, D1, D2 and D3 groups, respectively. ANOVA revealed significant differences between the SBS values of enamel groups (p = 0.001). There were no significant differences between the dentin groups (p = 0.425).

Conclusion

Application of 35 and 50% concentrations of TCA to dentin had no detrimental effect on the bond produced by two-step self-etch adhesive under study; however, application of only 35% TCA to enamel did not result in a detrimental effect on the same adhesive.

How to cite this article

Fathpour K, Khoroushi M. Effect of Trichloroacetic Acid Hydrogel on Self-Etch Adhesive Bond Strength to Dental Tissues. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013; 14(3):375-380.


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