The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login



Volume / Issue

Online First

Related articles

VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 4 ( July-August, 2013 ) > List of Articles


Effects of Commonly Consumed Beverages on Surface Roughness and Color Stability of the Nano, Microhybrid and Hybrid Composite Resins: An in vitro Study

P Sarveshwar Reddy, KL Sunil Tejaswi, Suneeth Shetty, BM Annapoorna, Sudarshan C Pujari, HM Thippeswamy

Citation Information : Reddy PS, Tejaswi KS, Shetty S, Annapoorna B, Pujari SC, Thippeswamy H. Effects of Commonly Consumed Beverages on Surface Roughness and Color Stability of the Nano, Microhybrid and Hybrid Composite Resins: An in vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013; 14 (4):718-723.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1390

Published Online: 01-12-2013

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2013; The Author(s).



Consumption of certain beverages may affect the esthetic and physical properties of the resin composite, thereby undermining the quality of restorations.


To analyze the effect of three beverages (cola, coffee, tea) on color stability and surface roughness of three different types of resin composites at various time intervals in vitro.

Materials and methods

Nano, microhybrid and hybrid resin composites were used. Each material was randomly divided into four equal subgroups of 10 samples each according to the beverages used (cola, coffee, tea, distilled water). The samples were immersed in each beverage for 1, 15 and 30 days. Surface roughness and color changes measurements were noted at the baseline—the first, fifteenth and thirteenth day.


It was found that nanoresin composite followed by microhybrid and hybrid showed least surface roughness and color change. The Coke beverage subgroup showed more surface roughness and the subgroup coffee has shown more color changes with respect to other subgroups.


All specimens showed discoloration after completion of the test period which was visually perceptible and clinically unacceptable.

At the end of 30th day, among the materials, nanofilled composite resin showed comparatively less surface roughness and color change than microhybrid and hybrid composite resins.

How to cite this article

Reddy PS, Tejaswi KLS, Shetty S, Annapoorna BM, Pujari SC, Thippeswamy HM. Effects of Commonly Consumed Beverages on Surface Roughness and Color Stability of the Nano, Microhybrid and Hybrid Composite Resins: An in vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(4): 718-723.

PDF Share
  1. Evaluation of discoloration of some composite restorative materials. Pakistan Oral and Dental Journal 2009;29(1):123-130.
  2. 11th ed. Saunders 2004.
  3. Color stability of restorative resins. Quintessence International 1991;22(9):733-737.
  4. A spectrophotometric evaluation of color changes of various tooth colored veneering materials after exposure to commonly consumed beverages. The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society 2005;5(2):72-78.
  5. In vitro staining of nanocomposites exposed to a Cola beverage; Pakistan Oral and Dental Journal 2009;29(1):79-84.
  6. Influence of different drinks on the color stability of dental resin composites. European Journal of Dentistry 2009;350-356.
  7. Staining of Hybrid composites with coffee, Oolong tea or red wine. Dental Materials Journal 2006;25(1):125-131.
  8. Color stability of nanofilled composite, effect of different immersion media. J Appl Oral Sci 2009;17(5):388-391.
  9. Influence of food-simulating solutions and surface finish on susceptibility to staining of aesthetic restorative materials. Journal of Dentistry 2005;33:389-398.
  10. Color changes of restorative materials exposed in vitro to cola beverages. Pediatric Dentistry 2008;30(4):309-316.
  11. Effects of pH on the microhardness of resin based restorative materials. Operative Dentistry 2005;30(5):661-666.
  12. Surface roughness and hardness of a composite resin: influence of finishing and polishing and immersion methods. Material Research 2010;13(3):409-415.
  13. Surface roughness of novel resin composites polished with one-step systems. Operative Dentistry 2007;32(2):185-192.
  14. The effect of one-step polishing system on the surface roughness of three aesthetic resin composite materials. Operative Dentistry 2004;29(2):203-211.
  15. Effect of finishing and polishing procedures on the surface roughness of packable composites. Operative Dentistry 2000;25:534-543.
  16. Effect of polishing techniques and time on surface roughness, hardness and microleakage of resin composite restorations. Operative Dentistry 2006;31(1):11-17.
  17. Color stability and hardness in dental composites after accelerating aging. Dental materials 2003;19:612-619.
  18. Color stability of compomer after immersion in various media. J Esthet Dent 2000;12:258-263.
  19. Color stability of ionomer and resin composite restoratives in various environmental solutions: an in vitro Reflection spectrophotometric study. Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2005;8(1):45-51.
  20. Effect of one-step polishing systems on surface roughness of different flowable restorative materials. Dental Materials Journal 2008;27(6):755-764.
  21. Effects of different solutions on the surface hardness of composite resin materials. Dental Materials Journal 2009;28(3):344-351.
  22. Hydrogen peroxide bleaching: Effects on surface roughness, color and staining susceptibility of microhybrid and nanocomposite. Journal of American Science 2012;8(9):190-199.
  23. Surface roughness and color change of a composite: influence of beverages brushing. Dental Materials Journal 2012;31(4):689-696.
  24. In situ Investigation on color change of resin composite restoratives cured by two different curing units. Journal of American Science 2012;8(6):708-715.
  25. Evaluation of surface roughness and color stability of direct resin composites after different polishing protocols. International Journal of Dental Clinics 2011:3(3):4-7.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.