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VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 5 ( September-October, 2013 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

A Comparative Clinical Evaluation of Diet Intake and Effect of Various Nutritions on Aggressive Periodontitis Patients

R Vamshidhar Reddy, PV Krishnam Raju, P Krishna Rao, Sagar Arjun Mapare, MG Manoj Kumar, VSS Chandana Gorthi

Citation Information : Reddy RV, Raju PK, Rao PK, Mapare SA, Kumar MM, Gorthi VC. A Comparative Clinical Evaluation of Diet Intake and Effect of Various Nutritions on Aggressive Periodontitis Patients. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013; 14 (5):930-938.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1428

Published Online: 00-10-2013

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2013; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study is to investigate the effect various dietary nutrients in aggressive periodontitis patients.

Materials and methods

A total of 85 patients were selected and divided into two groups, 45 patients are with aggressive periodontitis and 40 patients are healthy. Periodontal parameters such as oral hygiene index, Russels periodontal index and radiograph were taken. The food consumption survey was conducted in all the households of subjects both in control and experimental group. The individual of food intake of the subjects was assessed by the oral questionnaire (24 hours recall) method. The quantity of raw foods used for various preparations and volumes of cooked quantities of such preparations in terms of standardized cups were noted. Body measurements were taken on all the subjects, standing height using a height measuring rod and weight in standard weighing machine.

Results

Aggressive periodontitis is seen in young individual and mostly in females; majority of the patients of both groups belongs to low socioeconomic group. Body mass index which is a reflection of nutritional status of an individual indicated that chronically energy deficient subjects in experimental group appeared to be higher. The average food and nutrient intake in control group was slightly better than that of experimental group.

Conclusion

The diet survey indicated marginal and negligible deficiencies in aggressive periodontitis patients compared to controls, and this coupled with chronically energy deficiency as indicated by body mass index, calls for a detailed study of this aspect of aggressive periodontitis. The present study indicates that nutritional influences point to a needle of suspicion toward the etiology of aggressive periodontitis.

How to cite this article

Mapare SA, Rao PK, Reddy RV, Kumar MGM, Gorthi VSSC, Raju PVK. A Comparative Clinical Evaluation of Diet Intake and Effect of Various Nutritions on Aggressive Periodontitis Patients. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(5):930-938.


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