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VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 6 ( November-December, 2013 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Dental Prosthetic Status and Prosthetic Needs of the Institutionalized Elderly Living in Geriatric Homes in Hyderabad: A Pilot Study

P Ratnakar, G Maheswar, G Ajay Kumar, S Malathi, K Sridevi, B Someshwar

Citation Information : Ratnakar P, Maheswar G, Kumar GA, Malathi S, Sridevi K, Someshwar B. Dental Prosthetic Status and Prosthetic Needs of the Institutionalized Elderly Living in Geriatric Homes in Hyderabad: A Pilot Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013; 14 (6):1169-1172.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1470

Published Online: 01-12-2013

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2013; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction

To promote oral health among the elderly, we need to know their prosthetic status and prosthetic need. Hence, a survey of prosthetic status and need of elderly inmates of geriatric homes in Hyderabad was done.

Materials and methods

A cross-sectional study was undertaken, and 174 subjects aged 60 years and above were examined of which 103 were male and 71 were female (59.2% males and 40.8% females). The oral examination of the study subjects was carried out using basic oral health surveys, WHO 1997 criteria.

Results

Majority of the subjects, 73 (70.8%) males and 53 (74.6%) females had no prosthesis. Only 4.6% had complete dentures and 21.1% had removable partial dentures and 10.9% had single/multiple bridges. Need for any prosthesis was (83.5%) male and 63 (88.7%) female subjects and nearly 82. 8% subjects required one-unit prosthesis.

Conclusion

Dental prosthetic status of people living in geriatric homes is very poor and there is high unmet need for prosthetic care existed among the institutionalized elderly surveyed.

Key messages

A prevention based intervention programs to reduce early tooth loss is recommended and Oral health programs should be specially designed for these special group.

How to cite this article

Kumar GA, Maheswar G, Malathi S, Sridevi K, Ratnakar P, Someshwar B. Dental Prosthetic Status and Prosthetic Needs of the Institutionalized Elderly Living in Geriatric Homes in Hyderabad: A Pilot Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(6):1169-1172.


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