The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Archive
Related articles

VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 1 ( January-February, 2014 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Evaluation of Marginal Alveolar Bone Height for Early Detection of Periodontal Disease in Pediatric Population: Clinical and Radiographic Study

Varun Sardana, Shobha Deshpande, Anand Shigli, Guneet Gogia

Citation Information : Sardana V, Deshpande S, Shigli A, Gogia G. Evaluation of Marginal Alveolar Bone Height for Early Detection of Periodontal Disease in Pediatric Population: Clinical and Radiographic Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014; 15 (1):37-45.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1185

Published Online: 01-02-2014

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2014; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Objectives

To establish a normal range for the radiographic distance between cementoenamel junction and alveolar bone crest and the factors affecting distances for the early assessment of periodontal disease in Dravidian pediatric population.

Methods

Fifty children aged 6 to 8 years were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Clinical and radiographic examination was performed. All the surfaces were examined starting from the distal surface of primary canine to the mesial surface of first permanent molar. The various risk factors like plaque, calculus, proximal caries, restoration and bleeding on probing were recorded. A pair of bitewing radiographs was taken for each child. Bitewing radiographs were traced and analyzed.

Results

It showed that CEJ-ABC distance in primary teeth is about 1 ± 0.5 mm. In the permanent teeth, it was found to be 0.6 ± 0.5 mm in 6 to 8 years age group. CEJ-ABC distance was also affected by different variables like physiologic (eruption and exfoliation) and pathologic factors (plaque, calculus, dental caries, restorations, stainless steel crowns, bleeding on probing and probing depth).

Conclusion

CEJ-ABC distances greater than 2.5 mm should be considered under recall and follow-up. Children and adolescents susceptible to periodontal disease should be identified by radiographic means as early as possible in order to prevent the advance of an otherwise possibly destructive disease. The concept of oral health examination and treatment must include examination of the periodontal status of the patient.

How to cite this article

Sardana V, Balappanavar AY, Deshpande S, Shigli A, Indushekar KR, Gogia G. Evaluation of Marginal Alveolar Bone Height for Early Detection of Periodontal Disease in Pediatric Population: Clinical and Radiographic Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014;15(1):37-45.


PDF Share
  1. Diagnosis and management of periodontal diseases in children and adolescent. Periodontology 2000, 2001;26:146-168.
  2. Frequency of alveolar bone loss adjacent to proximal caries in the primary molars and its healing due to restoration of the teeth. Pediatr Dent 1992;14(1):30-33.
  3. Marginal bone level in the normal primary dentition. J Clin Periodontol 1992;19:672-678.
  4. Alveolar bone loss in primary dentition: State of the Art. J Clin Pediatr Dent 2004;29(2):139-142.
  5. Attachment loss in primary molars. J Clin Periodontol 1987;14(1):48-51.
  6. A radiographic study of interproximal alveolar bone crest between the primary molars in children. ASDC J Dent Child 1988;55(5):348-350.
  7. Radiographic diagnosis of the normal alveolar bone height in the primary dentition. J Clin Pediatr Dent 1995;19(4):269-271.
  8. The relationship between alveolar bone height and age in the primary dentition. A retrospective longitudinal radiographic study. J Clin Periodontol 1995;22(5):408-412.
  9. Alveolar bone height of primary and first permanent molars in healthy 7- to 9-year-old children. ASDC J Dent Child 1997;64(3):188-196.
  10. Occurrence of incipient crestal bone loss. J Ind Dent Assoc 1995;66(2):44-45.
  11. Criteria for assessment of interproximal bone loss on bite-wing radiographs in adolescents. J Clin Periodontol 1989;16(5):300-304.
  12. Radiographic assessment of the alveolar bone in children and adolescents. Pediatr Dent 1988;10(3):199-204.
  13. The significance of age, proximal caries, gingival inflammation, probing depths and the loss of lamina dura in the diagnosis of alveolar bone loss in the primary molars. ASDC J Dent Child 1994;61(2):125-128.
  14. Growth and development considerations in the diagnosis of gingivitis and periodontitis in children. Pediatr Dent 1999;21(3):186-191.
  15. Marginal bone loss in 16 years old Swedish adolescents in 1975 and 1988. J Clin Periodontol 1991;18(10):740-743.
  16. Associations between gingivitis, pocket depths and radiographic bone loss in interproximal areas in young adults. Scand J Dent Res 1983;91(5):371-375.
  17. Dental caries. In: White SC, Pharoah MJ, editors. Oral Radiology, Principles and Interpretation. 6th ed. Mosby: Elsevier; 2009. p. 270-271.
  18. Marginal bone loss in primary dentition. A survey of 7-9 years old children in Sweden. J Clin Periodontol 1994;21(5):313-319.
  19. Alveolar bone loss in 5-year-old New Zealand children: Its prevalence and relationship to caries prevalence, socioeconomic status and ethnic origin. J Clin Periodontol 1994;21(7):447-450.
  20. The effect of facial growth, attrition, and age on the distance from the cementoenamel junction to the alveolar bone crest in the deciduous dentition. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1993;103(6):521-525.
  21. The relationship between alveolar bone loss and proximal caries in children; Prevalence and microbiology. ASDC J Dent Child 1993;60(2):99-103.
  22. The value of the bitewing radiograph in the diagnosis of dental disease in young subjects. ASDC J Dent Child 1974;41(3):190-193.
  23. Calculus revisited: a review. J Clin Periodontol 1986;13(4):249-257.
  24. Control of supragingival calculus. Scaling and polishing and anticalculus toothpastes: an opinion. J Clin Periodontol 1994;21(5):342-346.
  25. Calculus deposits and bone loss on the teeth of Romano-British and eighteenth-century Londoners. Arch Oral Biol 1998;43(12):941-948.
  26. A radiographic study of the prevalence of chronic periodontitis in 14 years old English school children. J Clin Periodontol 1975;2(4):203-210.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.