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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 2 ( March-April, 2014 ) > List of Articles


Geometric Analysis of Maxillary First Premolar Prepared by Two Nickel-Titanium Rotary Instruments

Dina Al-Sudani, Majed Almalki, Saad Al-Shahrani, Michael Ahlquist

Citation Information : Al-Sudani D, Almalki M, Al-Shahrani S, Ahlquist M. Geometric Analysis of Maxillary First Premolar Prepared by Two Nickel-Titanium Rotary Instruments. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014; 15 (2):174-180.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1510

Published Online: 01-10-2014

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2014; The Author(s).



The present study was conducted with the aim of evaluating and comparing the shaping ability of two Nickel-titanium rotary instruments, with two disparate design features, on root canal geometry of extracted human maxillary first premolars using microcomputed tomography.

Study design

Twenty four bifurcated maxillary first premolars were divided into two groups and embedded in a rubber-based impression material. Both groups were submitted to microcomputed tomography before and after canal preparation (buccal and palatal) with either ProFile Vortex or Revo-S rotary instruments. Images were reconstructed and cross-sections corresponding to a distance 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 mm from the anatomical apex were selected for canal transportation analysis. Volume changes were also measured.


The degree and direction of canal transportation were non-significant for both instruments. Statistically significant differences were observed only between levels in the buccal canal in both groups. There was no significant difference between the two rotary systems in regards to the volume of dentin removed.


Our findings showed that ProFile Vortex and Revo-S instruments respected the original root canal anatomy and behaved similarly. ProFile Vortex rotary systems produced with innovative process were concluded to shape the upper maxillary premolar by leading minimal canal transportation, similar to Revo-S, rotary systems produced from traditional process.

How to cite this article

Al-Sudani D, Almalki M, Al-Shahrani S, Ahlquist M. Geometric Analysis of Maxillary First Premolar Prepared by Two Nickel-Titanium Rotary Instruments. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014;15(2):174-180.

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