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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 3 ( May-June, 2014 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Comparison and Evaluation of Mitotic Figures in Oral Epithelial Dysplasia using Crystal Violet and Feulgen Stain

Anveeta Agarwal

Citation Information : Agarwal A. Comparison and Evaluation of Mitotic Figures in Oral Epithelial Dysplasia using Crystal Violet and Feulgen Stain. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014; 15 (3):273-277.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1527

Published Online: 00-06-2014

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2014; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background

Routine staining procedures often pose a problem in differentiating a mitotic cell from an apoptotic cell, deteriorating the reliability of histology grading. Although various new methods have been recommended for identifying mitotic figures (MFs) in tissues, the time factor and cost makes them less feasible. Thus, an attempt was made to evaluate the efficacy of crystal violet and Feulgen reaction in identifying MFs and also to see for any variation in the number of MFs in various grades of Epithelial dysplasia.

Objectives:

1. Using crystal violet and Feulgen stain in the identification and counting of MFs on diagnosed cases of epithelial dysplasia and thereby to evaluate their efficacy.

2. To evaluate the variation in the number of MFs in various grades of epithelial dysplasia.

Materials and methods

The study sample includes retrieval of 30 formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue sections diagnosed for different grades of epithelial dysplasia (WHO grading system, 2005) from the archives, Department of Oral Pathology, MSRDC, Bengaluru. Ten tissue sections each of mild, moderate and severe epithelial dysplasia were stained with H&E, Feulgen and 1% crystal violet stains and the number of MFs were counted. Five cases of cervical carcinoma were taken as control. Stained sections were compared, and data obtained was statistically analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test.

Results

A significant increase in the number of MFs (p = 0.02) was observed in Feulgen stained sections as compared to H&E stain.

Conclusion

Feulgen stain can be considered as a simple, reliable, cost-effective and reproducible method of staining MFs.

How to cite this article

Rao RS, Patil S, Agarwal A. Comparison and Evaluation of Mitotic Figures in Oral Epithelial Dysplasia using Crystal Violet and Feulgen Stain. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014;15(3):273-277.


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