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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 4 ( July-August, 2014 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Clinical and Radiographic Evaluation of Narrow-Diameter Titanium-Zirconium Implants in Unilateral Atrophic Mandibular Distal Extensions: A 1-Year Pilot Study

Ali M El-Sheikh, Omar F Shihabuddin

Citation Information : El-Sheikh AM, Shihabuddin OF. Clinical and Radiographic Evaluation of Narrow-Diameter Titanium-Zirconium Implants in Unilateral Atrophic Mandibular Distal Extensions: A 1-Year Pilot Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014; 15 (4):417-422.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1555

Published Online: 01-08-2014

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2014; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background

The use of endosseous dental implants has led to more sophisticated fixed options when considering treatment of patients with distal extensions. The use of narrow-diameter implants may reduce the necessity for bone augmentation. The mechanical strength of titanium is limited, so titanium alloys with greater tensile and fatigue strength may be preferable.

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinically and radiographically the performance of narrow-diameter bone level implants made from titanium-zirconium alloy (TiZr, RoxolidTM) in restoring unilateral atrophic mandibular distal extensions with fixed dental prostheses.

Materials and methods

Twenty partially edentulous patients with unilateral atrophic mandibular distal extensions received two 3.3 mm diameter bone level TiZr implants (Straumann AG, Basel, Switzerland). The two implants were restored with 3-units ceramo-metal fixed partial dentures. Standardized clinical and radiographic parameters (survival rate, probing pocket depth and marginal bone loss) were evaluated at the time of the completion of the prosthetic treatment (baseline) and after 3, 6 and 12 months of functional loading. Prosthetic complications were also assessed.

Results

The survival rate for narrow-diameter bone level TiZr implants was 100% after 1 year of functional loading. There were no statistically significant differences between the values of probing pocket depth over the follow-up period. All implants showed less than 1 mm of marginal bone loss at the end of the follow-up period.

Conclusion

Within the limitations of this 1-year pilot study, the use of narrow-diameter bone level TiZr implants appears to be predictable in restoring the unilateral atrophic mandibular distal extensions. This type of implants meets established success and survival criteria after 1 year.

How to cite this article

El-Sheikh AM, Shihabuddin OF. Clinical and Radiographic Evaluation of Narrow-Diameter Titanium-Zirconium Implants in Unilateral Atrophic Mandibular Distal Extensions: A 1-Year Pilot Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014;15(4):417-422.


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