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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 4 ( July-August, 2014 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

The Comparison of Mandibular Radiomorphometric Indices in Panoramic Radiography between Patients with Chronic Periodontitis and Healthy Individuals

Amir Moeintaghavi, Hossein Hosseinizarch, Sara Mohammadzadeh Tabassi

Citation Information : Moeintaghavi A, Hosseinizarch H, Tabassi SM. The Comparison of Mandibular Radiomorphometric Indices in Panoramic Radiography between Patients with Chronic Periodontitis and Healthy Individuals. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014; 15 (4):461-465.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1563

Published Online: 00-08-2014

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2014; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

Osteoporosis and periodontitis are two separate diseases with different origins and manifestations. It is believed that these diseases linked together, because they both lead to bone damage, some risk factors are similar, they both have the highest prevalence in middle-aged and older women. Some studies showed that the use of panoramic radiography and special indices could be reliable tools for osteoporosis screening. This study was performed to evaluate the relationship between periodontal disease and jaw osteoporotic indices.

Materials and methods

Eighty-two patients with chronic periodontitis and 80 healthy individuals were selected, they had been referred to a private oral and maxillofacial radiology clinic to take a panoramic radiograph. Then panoramic indicators; including the mandibular cortical index (MCI), mental index (MI), and panoramic mandible index (PMI) in both groups were measured, recorded and analyzed.

Results

The mean age of investigated individuals was 39/8 ± 9/33. 58.6% of participants were females and 41.4% were males. MI and PMI levels in the periodontal group were more than the periodontally healthy group, but the differences between the two groups was not statistically significant (p = 0.808 and p = 0.102 respectively). The MCI level was significantly different between two groups (p = 0.028).

Conclusion

The results of this study showed that there is significant relationship between MCI in panoramic radiography and chronic periodontitis. It is suggested to perform more studies to confirm if this index could be used for screening and indicating of bone status in high risk individuals. This study did not show a strong evidence of a relationship between osteoporosis and periodontitis.

Clinical significance

Since panoramic radiographs are routinely used for screening in dental practice, any association between radiomorphometric indices of mandible in periodontitis patients might be useful in prediction of osteoporosis in patients referring to dental clinics.

How to cite this article

Moeintaghavi A, Hosseinizarch H, MohammadzadehTabassi S. The Comparison of Mandibular Radiomorphometric Indices in Panoramic Radiography between Patients with Chronic Periodontitis and Healthy Individuals. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014;15(4):461-465.


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