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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 6 ( November-December, 2014 ) > List of Articles


Effectiveness of an Infiltrant on sealing of Composite Restoration Margins with/without Artificial Caries

Sibel A Antonson, Ozlem Tulunoglu, Ibrahim Fevzi Tulunoglu, Marc Campillo-Funollet, Donald Antonson, Carlos Munoz-Viveros

Citation Information : Antonson SA, Tulunoglu O, Tulunoglu IF, Campillo-Funollet M, Antonson D, Munoz-Viveros C. Effectiveness of an Infiltrant on sealing of Composite Restoration Margins with/without Artificial Caries. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014; 15 (6):717-725.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1605

Published Online: 01-04-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2014; The Author(s).



The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a resin infiltrant (ICON) on marginal sealing ability of class II resin restorations with/without-caries.

Materials and methods

Forty-eight noncarious human premolar teeth were embedded and MO and DO preparations of standard dimensions were prepared. The left side of dentin margins of the cavities were left nonbonded (UB) while the right side were bonded using total etch-bonding agent and all restored with a Nanohybrid composite. The teeth were thermocycled and half of the specimens in the UB and B groups were subjected to an artificial caries process. ICON was applied to caries and noncaries subgroups following the manufacturer's directions. Impressions were made at each step: after the restorations were completed, thermocycling, artificial caries procedures, and infiltrant application and the silicone tag lengths were measured with a stereomicroscope. The specimens were immersed in 0.5% basic fuchsine at 37° C for 24 hours, sectioned and microleakage was evaluated with a stereomicroscope. Selected samples and their replicas were assessed for marginal quality under a stereomicroscope and SEM. Statistical evaluation of the data were made using Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U and Wilcoxon Sign Rank tests.


While bonding application did not create a meaningful difference, the thermocycling and artificial caries significantly increased the gap length and microleakage (p < 0.05). ICON application was decreased the microleakage, created gap-free margins and closed the gaps which were previously occurred at the same cavities (p < 0.05).


A resin infiltrant (ICON) application decreased the microleakage, created gap-free margins and closed the gaps, which previously occurred at the same cavities.

Clinical significance

Approximal application of resin infiltrant may increase the success of the class II composite restorations also reduced the risk of needing more complex restoration therapy.

How to cite this article

Tulunoglu O, Tulunoglu IF, Antonson SA, Campillo-Funollet M, Antonson D, Munoz-Viveros C. Effectiveness of an Infiltrant on Sealing of Composite Restoration Margins with/without Artificial Caries. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014;15(6): 717-725.

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