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VOLUME 16 , ISSUE 1 ( January, 2015 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

A Tomographic Study of the Mandibular Condyle Position in Partially Edentulous Population

Susan Ammanna, Anisha Rodrigues, N Sridhar Shetty, Karunakar Shetty

Citation Information : Ammanna S, Rodrigues A, Shetty NS, Shetty K. A Tomographic Study of the Mandibular Condyle Position in Partially Edentulous Population. J Contemp Dent Pract 2015; 16 (1):68-73.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1637

Published Online: 01-01-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background and objectives

The influence of the loss of teeth on the condylar position and on temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction syndrome remains a controversial issue. This study analyses the condylar position by means of a tomogram in partially dentate subjects which serves as a guide to predict which of the partially dentate statuses is prone to develop TMJ dysfunction syndrome in personnel without symptoms of the same.

Methodology

Eighty personnel were enrolled in this study consisting of Kennedy's class I, II, III, IV and control to analyze the condylar position by means of a tomogram. In all the five groups TMJ sectional tomogram programmed in a panoramic radiographic machine (PLANMECA PM 2002 CC PROLINE) was taken with the subjects at maximal intercuspal position and rest position. Tomograms were evaluated using linear measurements of the anterior and posterior intra-articular joint spaces on the basis of drawings and tracings.

Results

The results of the study revealed a predominance of reduced posterior condylar space in Kennedy's class I and II. A disparity was seen between the maximum intercuspal position and rest position, where the posterior joint space was reduced in the rest position.

Conclusion

Within the limitations of this study, it has been revealed that in Kennedy's classes I and II, for partially dentate personnel, a posterior displacement of the condyles was seen. This predisposition would suggest towards the necessity of restoring the missing dentition in order to maintain the harmony of the stomatognathic system.

How to cite this article

Ammanna S, Rodrigues A, Shetty NS, Shetty K, Augustine D, Patil S. A Tomographic Study of the Mandibular Condyle Position in Partially Edentulous Population. J Contemp Dent Pract 2015;16(1):68-73.


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