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VOLUME 16 , ISSUE 10 ( October, 2015 ) > List of Articles


Surface Texture and Optical Properties of Self-Adhering Composite Materials after Toothbrush Abrasion

Caroline Veiga Malavasi, Elisa Maria Macedo, Karoline da Costa Souza, Guilherme Ferreira Rego, Luis Felipe Jochims Schneider, Larissa Maria Cavalcante

Citation Information : Malavasi CV, Macedo EM, da Costa Souza K, Rego GF, Schneider LF, Cavalcante LM. Surface Texture and Optical Properties of Self-Adhering Composite Materials after Toothbrush Abrasion. J Contemp Dent Pract 2015; 16 (10):775-782.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1756

Published Online: 01-03-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; The Author(s).



Tukey's test ascertained that toothbrush abrasion resulted in rougher and matte surfaces for all composites tested. Filtek Z350 presented better gloss retention after abrasion. On surface roughness evaluation, there was no statistical difference between Fusio Liquid Dentin and Filtek Z350 resins (p > 0.05). Vertise Flow resin showed better color stability (ΔE), than the other two materials.


Nanofilled material presented better gloss retention but it did not produce the best results in aspects related to surface roughness and color stability compared to self-adhering composites.

Clinical significance

A simulation of degradation process by using toothbrush abrasion produced a rougher and matte surface in all composites tested. The surface texture was not only related to filler's amount present in materials, but also with the organic matrix composition of them. The results suggested that the constant development of new materials, seeking for a technical simplification, seems an innovative attraction for dentist's clinical routine, even though larger studies are necessary to promote to everyone a better understanding and improvement of action and effectiveness of this new class of materials.

How to cite this article

Malavasi CV, Macedo EM, da Costa Souza K, Rego GF, Schneider LFJ, Cavalcante LM. Surface Texture and Optical Properties of Self-Adhering Composite Materials after Toothbrush Abrasion. J Contemp Dent Pract 2015;16(10):775-782.

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