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VOLUME 16 , ISSUE 3 ( March, 2015 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Mandibular Tori as Bone Grafts: An Alternative Treatment for Periodontal Osseous Defects — Clinical, Radiographic and Histologic Morphology Evaluation

Khalid S Hassan, Adel Al-Agal, Adel I Abdel-Hady, Wael M Swelam, Reda F Elgazzar

Citation Information : Hassan KS, Al-Agal A, Abdel-Hady AI, Swelam WM, Elgazzar RF. Mandibular Tori as Bone Grafts: An Alternative Treatment for Periodontal Osseous Defects — Clinical, Radiographic and Histologic Morphology Evaluation. J Contemp Dent Pract 2015; 16 (3):192-200.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1660

Published Online: 01-03-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Objectives

The present study was designed to evaluate the clinical, radiographic and histochemical significance of using the mandibular tori as autogenous bone graft for treatment of intraosseous defects in patients with chronic periodontitis.

Materials and methods

Twenty-eight sites from 14 patients with chronic periodontitis were included in this study. Each patient was treated with split mouth design; one site received torus mandibularis bone graft and the other site received a full-thickness flap alone. Histopathologic assessment was evaluated on removal of torus mandibularis to evaluate its histologic structure and by the end of the study 9 month later. Clinical and radiographic parameters were re-evaluated at 3 months interval for 1 year.

Results

The results of the present study revealed significant gain in the clinical attachment level (CAL) (88.4%, 4.53 ± 0.06 mm) for torus mandibularis sites compared to (39.7%, 2.01 ± 0.04 mm) for full-thickness flap. Moreover, there was a reduction in the probing pocket depth (PPD) of (75.4%, 5.75 ± 0.12 mm) for torus mandibularis sites and (49.6%, 3.73 ± 0.14 mm) for sites treated with a full-thickness flap only; CAL and PPD differences were significant at p-value .0.01. Concomitantly, significant radiographic increase in the bone height and density were recorded in the test group.

Conclusion

The use of mandibular tori as autogenous bone graft could provide benefits as a periodontal therapeutic modality and enhance regenerative potential of periodontal intraosseous defects.

How to cite this article

Hassan KS, Al-Agal A, Abdel-Hady AI, Swelam WM, Elgazzar RF. Mandibular Tori as Bone Grafts: An Alternative Treatment for Periodontal Osseous Defects — Clinical, Radiographic and Histologic Morphology Evaluation. J Contemp Dent Pract 2015;16(3):192-200.


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