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VOLUME 17 , ISSUE 12 ( December, 2016 ) > List of Articles


Surface Hardness of Dental Composite Resin Restorations in Response to Preventive Agents

Khalid H Al-Samadani

Citation Information : Al-Samadani KH. Surface Hardness of Dental Composite Resin Restorations in Response to Preventive Agents. J Contemp Dent Pract 2016; 17 (12):978-984.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1967

Published Online: 01-04-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; The Author(s).



To assess the impact of using preventive mouthwash agents on the surface hardness of various resins composites.

Materials and methods

Hundred specimens were prepared from five types of composite resin material in a Teflon mold. Five specimens from each type of restorative materials (Herculite XRV Ultra, Estelite Σ Quick, Z Hermack, Versa Comp Sultan, and Empress Direct IPS) were evaluated posttreatment with immersion in four types of preventive mouthwashes gels and rinses – group 1: Flocare gel (0.4% stannous fluoride), group 2: Pascal gel (topical APF fluoride), group 3: Pro-relief mouthwash (Na fluoride), and group 4: Plax Soin mouthwash (Na fluoride) – at 37°C in a dark glass container at 24, 48, and 72 hours. Surface hardness measurement was made for each tested material. Statistically, we analyzed the mean values with one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's test, with significance level of p < 0.05.


All composite resin materials showed decrease in their surface hardness with the time elapsed (24, 48, and 72 hours) postimmersion in the preventive mouthwashes and gels except the Herculite XRV Ultra and Versa Comp Sultan materials. Flocare gel group showed increase in the surface hardness after 48 hours of immersion than the other periods and in Estelite Σ Quick after 72 hours. There was significant differences in all materials tested with the immersion in the preventive mouthwashes and gels, such as Flocare gel (0.4% stannous fluoride), Pro-relief mouthwash (Na fluoride), and Plax Soin mouthwash (Na fluoride) except Pascal gel (topical APF fluoride) (p > 0.05), at time intervals mentioned earlier (p < 0.05).


The effect of preventive mouthwashes and gels on resin composite materials was decreased surface hardness with the time elapse of immersion for all materials except the Flocare gel group, which contains 0.4% stannous fluoride as a preventive ingredient increases the surface hardness after 48 h for Herculite XRV Ultra and Versa Comp Sultan and Estelite Σ Quick after 72 hours.

Clinical significance

The preventive agents in the form of mouthwash and gel are used to prevent oral diseases that affect the surface hardness of composite resin, and this leads to occlusion, color stability, and surface roughness.

How to cite this article

Al-Samadani KH, Surface Hardness of Dental Composite Resin Restorations in Response to Preventive Agents. J Contemp Dent Pract 2016;17(12):978-984

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