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VOLUME 17 , ISSUE 2 ( February, 2016 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Thermogravimetric Characterization of the Microstructure Composition of Polyamide Injection Molded Denture Base Material vs Conventional Compression Molded Heat-cured Denture Base Material

Ayman Al-Dharrab, Lana Shinawi

Citation Information : Al-Dharrab A, Shinawi L. Thermogravimetric Characterization of the Microstructure Composition of Polyamide Injection Molded Denture Base Material vs Conventional Compression Molded Heat-cured Denture Base Material. J Contemp Dent Pract 2016; 17 (2):99-104.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1810

Published Online: 01-02-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background

Thermoplastic resin polymers are widely used in medicine due to their biostability and hypoallergenic properties, making them a possible alternative to poly-methylmethacrylate (PMMA). The current research examined the microstructure of a rapid injection molding system thermoplastic resin for construction of flexible denture compared with that of heatcured PMMA.

Materials and methods

A total of 40 disk-shaped specimens (25 mm in diameter and 3 mm in thickness) were prepared and divided into two groups of 20 disks each (group I samples were of thermoplastic acrylic resin while group II was heat-cured PMMA resin).

Results

In group I, thermogravimetric analyzer showed that increasing the temperature up to 169°C resulted in about 1.3% of the material loss, and after that the material remains thermally stable up to 200°C. Group II showed 2.24% weight loss at 171°C, and further weight loss (12.025%) was observed on heating to 230°C. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrophotometer analysis in the range of 400–4000 cm-1 detected the presence of an amine group (N-H) in group I samples and the presence of methylene group attached to inorganic Si as reinforcement filler (Si-CH3).

Conclusion

Thermoplastic resin displayed excellent thermal stability and the absence of residual monomer within the polymerized material, suggesting its suitability for the fabrication dentures.

How to cite this article

Al-Dharrab A, Shinawi L. Thermogravimetric Characterization of the Microstructure Composition of Polyamide Injection Molded Denture Base Material vs Conventional Compression Molded Heat-cured Denture Base Material. J Contemp Dent Pract 2016;17(2):99-104.


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