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VOLUME 17 , ISSUE 3 ( March, 2016 ) > List of Articles


Oral Hygiene and Dietary Habits in Adolescents With Fixed Orthodontic Appliances: A cross-sectional Study

Brita Willershausen, Adriano Azaripour, Ines Willershausen, Muhamed Hassan, Supriya Ebenezer

Citation Information : Willershausen B, Azaripour A, Willershausen I, Hassan M, Ebenezer S. Oral Hygiene and Dietary Habits in Adolescents With Fixed Orthodontic Appliances: A cross-sectional Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2016; 17 (3):179-183.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1824

Published Online: 01-07-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; The Author(s).



Fixed orthodontic appliances (FOAs) may cause a temporary deterioration of oral hygiene with corresponding gingival inflammatory changes. Optimal oral hygiene and dietary changes are essential in order to avoid periodontal inflammation. The present study investigates to what extent the recommendations made by the orthodontist are followed by young patients.

Materials and methods

A total of 67 adolescent patients with FOA were examined and interviewed. The control group consisted of 70 patients of the same age who had not undergone any orthodontic treatment. A specific questionnaire (assessing dietary habits, oral hygiene measures) was used and comprehensive oral findings along with oral hygiene status were evaluated.


The analysis of the data showed that despite intensive oral hygiene and dietary advice in the patients with FOA, there was no change in diet or oral hygiene habits. There were significantly higher signs of gingival inflammation and amount of dental plaque in FOA patients. Nutritional recommendations and oral hygiene measures for young people with FOA were not adequately enforced.


The findings indicate that frequent recalls should be scheduled with repeated reinforcement of oral hygiene and dietary modifications in FOA patients.

How to cite this article

Azaripour A, Willershausen I, Hassan M, Ebenezer S, Willershausen B. Oral hygiene and dietary Habits in Adolescents with fixed orthodontic Appliances: A crosssectional Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2016;17(3):179-183.

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