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VOLUME 17 , ISSUE 3 ( March, 2016 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Higher Dental Caries Prevalence and Its Association with Dietary Habits and Physical Limitation in Epidermolysis Bullosa Patients: A Case Control Study

Rodrigo Antonio de Medeiros, Soraya Coelho Leal, Erica Negrini Lia, Rivadavio Amorim, Mateus Veppo dos Santos, Mayara Cundari de Araújo, Camila Abdanur da Fonseca

Citation Information : de Medeiros RA, Leal SC, Lia EN, Amorim R, Santos MV, de Araújo MC, da Fonseca CA. Higher Dental Caries Prevalence and Its Association with Dietary Habits and Physical Limitation in Epidermolysis Bullosa Patients: A Case Control Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2016; 17 (3):211-216.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1829

Published Online: 00-03-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) represents a highly rare subgroup of skin diseases that affects skin and mucous membrane. The aim of the present study was to assess caries prevalence and its associated factors in EB subjects. Salivary status was also assessed.

Materials and methods

Ten subjects with EB who were under supervision were selected (cases) and matched by age and gender with unaffected individuals (controls). Dental caries were recorded using the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. Oral hygiene and dietary habits were investigated by clinical examination and questionnaires. Both nonstimulated and stimulated saliva were collected and salivary pH, buffering capacity and mouth opening were evaluated.

Results

The results showed that the median decay-missingfilled teeth was significantly higher (p = 0.0094) in EB cases 5 (3.9–20.3) than in controls 3 (2–3.25). The groups also differed when food consistency was analyzed. Individuals with EB have a higher intake of soft food. In addition, the median mouth-opening values from cases (0.84–2.84 cm) and controls (4.3–4.9 cm) have shown to be statistically different (p = 0.007). Considering the salivary parameters, none of them showed significant differences among groups.

Conclusion

Epidermolysis bullosa subjects present higher caries scores and might be related to their physical condition and dietary habits.

Clinical significance

There is a lack of information about oral status in EB subjects. Hence, our findings add useful information regarding the relationship between caries prevalence and associated risk factors in EB subjects.

How to cite this article

Leal SC, Lia EN, Amorim R, dos Santos MV, de Araújo MC, de Medeiros RA, da Fonseca CA. Higher Dental Caries Prevalence and its Association with Dietary Habits and Physical Limitation in Epidermolysis Bullosa Patients: A Case Control Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2016;17(3):211-216.


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