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VOLUME 17 , ISSUE 5 ( May, 2016 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Assessment of Various Nutritional Parameters in Geriatric Patients Who underwent Different Prosthodontic Treatments

Sarita Aneja, Vasanti A Jeergal, Alpesh Patel, Atul Bhardwaj, Nikunj Patel

Citation Information : Aneja S, Jeergal VA, Patel A, Bhardwaj A, Patel N. Assessment of Various Nutritional Parameters in Geriatric Patients Who underwent Different Prosthodontic Treatments. J Contemp Dent Pract 2016; 17 (5):408-413.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1863

Published Online: 01-05-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background

Some relation exists between oral and general health with progressive aging. Certain risk factors are common between oral and systemic diseases. Absence of teeth also affects the oral health by altering the quality of life. Hence, the nutritional changes occurring in elderly patients following prosthodontic rehabilitation are evaluated.

Materials and methods

A total of 250 patients who underwent prosthodontic treatment for missing teeth were included for the study. Twice measurement of nutritional parameters was done: Initially at the time of diagnosis and then 5 months following commencement of the prosthodontic treatment. Dental analysis, evaluation of the diet, anthropometric assessment, and analysis of serum biochemical values were done in all the patients and tabulated records were maintained. Independent Student's t test and Tukey's test were done to assess the level of significance.

Results

A total of 250 patients were included for the study. The complete denture (CD) group showed the highest alteration in the mean values of the nutritional parameters followed by the removable partial denture group. A significant change was seen in the body mass index, protein, carbohydrate, and iron levels among the different patients who were grouped based on the mode of treatment modality. The CD group showed significantly higher mean change in carbohydrates value compared with mean change in patients receiving fixed treatment.

Conclusion

Both nutrition and diet form an integral part of the prosthodontic treatment to maintain the health of elderly population.

Clinical significance

With the advancement in the level of edentulism, rehabilitation by prosthetic treatment has become progressively important to restore and improve dietary parameters.

How to cite this article

Aneja S, Jeergal VA, Patel A, Bhardwaj A, Patel N, Shah V. Assessment of Various Nutritional Parameters in Geriatric Patients Who underwent Different Prosthodontic Treatments. J Contemp Dent Pract 2016;17(5):408-413.


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