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VOLUME 17 , ISSUE 6 ( June, 2016 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Nonsurgical Periodontal Therapy decreases the Severity of Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Case–control Study

Neha Khare, Bhavuk Vanza, Deepak Sagar, Kumar Saurav, Rohit Chauhan, Supriya Mishra

Citation Information : Khare N, Vanza B, Sagar D, Saurav K, Chauhan R, Mishra S. Nonsurgical Periodontal Therapy decreases the Severity of Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Case–control Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2016; 17 (6):484-488.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1877

Published Online: 01-06-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontitis are common chronic inflammatory conditions. Several studies suggested a relationship between RA and periodontitis. Recent studies have shown a beneficial effect of periodontal treatment on the severity of active RA. So the aim of this study was to examine the effect of nonsurgical periodontal therapy on the clinical parameters of RA.

Materials and methods

A total of 60 subjects with moderateto- severe chronic generalized periodontitis and active RA in the age range 18 to 65 were selected for the study. They were divided into two groups. Group A (control group) consisted of 30 subjects with chronic generalized periodontitis and RA, and group B of 30 subjects with chronic generalized periodontitis and RA and they received nonsurgical periodontal therapy (scaling, root planning, and oral hygiene instructions). Evaluation of clinical observations of Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S), gingival index (GI), bleeding on probing (BOP), probing pocket depth (PPD), clinical attachment level (CAL), number of swollen joints (SJ), number of tender joints (TJ), values of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), visual analogue scale (VAS) for patient's global assessment, 3 months disease activity score (DAS) index, and C-reactive protein (CRP) was done at baseline and 3 months. Statistical evaluation of clinical observations was carried out.

Results

Group B subjects who received nonsurgical periodontal therapy showed statistically significant improvement in all periodontal and RA parameters at 3 months, compared with group A who did not receive periodontal therapy.

Conclusion

It can be concluded from the result that nonsurgical periodontal therapy may contribute to reduction in severity and symptoms of RA.

Clinical significance

Rheumatoid arthritis patients should be evaluated for periodontitis and treated for the same in order to reduce its severity level.

How to cite this article

Khare N, Vanza B, Sagar D, Saurav K, Chauhan R, Mishra S. Nonsurgical Periodontal Therapy decreases the Severity of Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Case–control Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2016;17(6):484-488.


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