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VOLUME 17 , ISSUE 8 ( August, 2016 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Remineralizing Effect of Topical NovaMin and Nanohydroxyapatite on Caries-like Lesions in Primary Teeth

Roza Haghgoo, Motahare Ahmadvand, Sareh Moshaverinia

Citation Information : Haghgoo R, Ahmadvand M, Moshaverinia S. Remineralizing Effect of Topical NovaMin and Nanohydroxyapatite on Caries-like Lesions in Primary Teeth. J Contemp Dent Pract 2016; 17 (8):645-649.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1905

Published Online: 01-08-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction

NovaMin is a synthetic mineral compound composed of calcium, sodium, phosphorus, and silica. It releases crystalline hydroxyl-carbonate apatite (HCA), which structurally resembles the minerals naturally found in the teeth. Nanohydroxyapatite (NHA) is a biocompatible compound with high affinity for tooth enamel. NHA particles morphologically resemble dental enamel apatite crystals. Considering the efficacy of remineralizing agents and the importance of conservative preventive measures, this study aimed to compare the remineralizing effects of NovaMin and NHA on caries-like lesions in primary teeth.

Materials and methods

This in vitro experimental study was conducted on 30 sound human primary anterior teeth with no cracks or fractures. The surface microhardness (SMH) of each tooth was measured at baseline using a Vickers microhardness tester. The teeth were then subjected to remineralization/ demineralization cycles, and artificial caries lesions were created in them. The SMH of each tooth was measured again and the teeth were then randomly treated with toothpastes containing NovaMin or 10% NHA powder for 2 minutes daily for a period of 5 days. The SMH of each was again measured afterward. Data were statistically analyzed using independent t-tests and Mann–Whitney U tests.

Results

The mean SMH was found to be higher in the teeth treated with NovaMin toothpaste (422.67 kgf/mm2) than in the teeth treated with NHA (384.2 kgf/mm2); However, this difference was not statistically significant.

Conclusion

Both NHA and NovaMin were effective for remineralization of caries-like lesions of primary teeth and no significant difference was detected in their efficacy.

How to cite this article

Haghgoo R, Ahmadvand M, Moshaverinia S. Remineralizing Effect of Topical NovaMin and Nano-hydroxyapatite on Caries-like Lesions in Primary Teeth. J Contemp Dent Pract 2016;17(8):645-649.


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