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VOLUME 17 , ISSUE 8 ( August, 2016 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Assessment of Correlation between Clinical Parameters and Pulp Canal Pathogens in Endodontic Pathologies: A Microbiological Study

Vinisha Pandey, Isha Choudhary, Vipin Kumar, Prashant Tripathi, Abhinav Misra, Hiroj Bagde

Citation Information : Pandey V, Choudhary I, Kumar V, Tripathi P, Misra A, Bagde H. Assessment of Correlation between Clinical Parameters and Pulp Canal Pathogens in Endodontic Pathologies: A Microbiological Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2016; 17 (8):654-658.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1907

Published Online: 01-08-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; The Author(s).


Abstract

Introduction

Success and failure of root canal therapy is largely dependent on the clinician and the patient. Once the tooth is restored into its functional and esthetic place, the root canal therapy is considered to be complete. It is a well-known fact that root canal space acts as a rich reservoir for microorganisms. Past studies show that root canal harbors an array of different microorganisms. Streptococcus mitis and Enterococcus faecalis have been found to be the most prevalent microorganisms isolated from the infected pulp canal space. Hence, we evaluated the association of endodontic signs and symptoms with root canal pathogens.

Materials and methods

A total of 120 patients were selected for the study and divided broadly into two groups: Group I containing patients with primary infection and group II containing patients in which retreatment was required. Both groups contained 60 patients each. Clinical parameters recorded for the study are pain, tenderness on percussion, swelling, periapical radiolucency on radiographic analysis, caries, sinus formation, and tooth mobility. After assessment, opening, and initial filing, sterile paper points were inserted into the root canal space for collection of microbiological sample, which was further send to laboratory for cultural analysis. All the results were analyzed by Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software. Student's t-test and Fisher's exact test were used to evaluate the level of significance.

Results

While comparing the mean age of the patients in the two groups, no significant association was seen. Statistically significant results were obtained while comparing the association between pain and S. mitis. Positive correlation was seen on comparing the association between tenderness on percussion and E. faecalis. Also, a positive association was seen between periapical radiolucency and S. mitis.

Conclusion

Strong positive correlation exists between S. mitis and E. faecalis and endodontic signs and symptoms.

Clinical significance

Sound knowledge regarding the association of microbes of root canal and specific endodontic signs and symptoms could help therapeutic management of root canal infections effectively.

How to cite this article

Pandey V, Choudhary I, Kumar V, Tripathi P, Misra A, Bagde H. Assessment of Correlation between Clinical Parameters and Pulp Canal Pathogens in Endodontic Pathologies: A Microbiological Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2016;17(8):654-658.


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