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VOLUME 18 , ISSUE 1 ( January, 2017 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Assessment of the Pubertal Growth Period using the Open Apices of the Lower Teeth

Ahmad S Burhan, Fehmieh R Nawaya, Yousef N Issa, Lama G Massouh

Citation Information : Burhan AS, Nawaya FR, Issa YN, Massouh LG. Assessment of the Pubertal Growth Period using the Open Apices of the Lower Teeth. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017; 18 (1):16-22.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1981

Published Online: 01-01-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the open apex measurements of the lower teeth can be used for prediction of the pubertal growth spurt.

Materials and methods

The study group consisted of 150 males and 142 females ranging in age from 10 to 16 years. A total of 292 panoramic and 292 hand-wrist radiographs were obtained and analyzed. The skeletal maturity was determined according to the skeletal maturity indicators (SMIs) developed by Fishman. The open apices measurements of the left lower teeth were made according to the method described by Cameriere.

Results

The Spearman rank order correlation coefficient revealed a relationship between the skeletal maturity stages and the open apex measurements. These correlations ranged from 0.577 for the lower second premolar to 0.830 for the lower canine. The measurement of the left lower canine showed the highest correlation, so its relationship with the SMIs was further investigated. The measurements of 6.07 (or greater) indicated to SMI4, and 2.485 (or lesser) indicated to SMI7.

Conclusion

The skeletal maturity well related to the measurements of the open apices of the lower teeth. Lower canine open apex measurements could be used as an indicator of the SMI4 and SMI7.

Clinical significance

The measurements of the open apices of the left lower canines from panoramic radiographs may be clinically useful as an indicator of the beginning and the ending of the pubertal growth period.

How to cite this article

Issa YN, Burhan AS, Nawaya FR, Massouh LG. Assessment of the Pubertal Growth Period using the Open Apices of the Lower Teeth. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(1):16-22.


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