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VOLUME 18 , ISSUE 10 ( October, 2017 ) > List of Articles


Influence of Energy Beverages on the Surface Texture of Glass Ionomer Restorative Materials

Khalid H Al-Samadani

Citation Information : Al-Samadani KH. Influence of Energy Beverages on the Surface Texture of Glass Ionomer Restorative Materials. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017; 18 (10):937-942.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2153

Published Online: 01-12-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; The Author(s).


Background and objective

The objective of the study was to find whether energy beverages have an erosive effect, leading to a risk in the clinical performance of glass ionomer restorative materials.


This study evaluated the influence of energy beverages on the surface texture of glass ionomer restorative materials.

Materials and methods

Glass ionomer materials used were Ionofil Plus AC, GC EQUIA, and Ketac Molar; energy beverages are Code Red, Red Bull, and Power Horse. Specimens prepared were discs of 8 mm diameter and 3 mm thickness; specimens from each material were evaluated following aging with Code Red, Red Bull, and Power Horse energy beverages. Distilled water was used as a control. The surface roughness (Ra) was assessed by surface scanning interferometry. The surface roughness values (∆Ra and Ra) were measured for each specimen. The data were analyzed statistically using multiple repeated measures [analysis of variance (ANOVA)] and paired data t-test (p < 0.05 was considered as the significance level).


The surface roughness (∆Ra and Ra) values before and after aging using Code Red, Red Bull, and Power Horse energy beverages differ significantly for all the materials regardless of the immersion time (p < 0.05). All the materials showed roughness changes after immersion periods of 1 day, 1 week, and 1 month.


It can be concluded that all energy beverage solutions used in this study had an adverse effect on the surface roughness degradation of the tested glass ionomers with increasing immersion time.

Clinical significance

Energy beverages have an erosive effect on glass ionomer, which influences the clinical importance of the material; it also has anticarious property because it releases the fluoride.

How to cite this article

Al-Samadani KH. Influence of Energy Beverages on the Surface Texture of Glass Ionomer Restorative Materials. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(10):937-942.

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