The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Archive
Related articles

VOLUME 18 , ISSUE 2 ( February, 2017 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Cephalometric Soft Tissue Standard and Gender Dimorphism in Nasal Prominence estimated By Holdaway's Analysis in Patients visiting College of Dentistry, Aljouf University

Ibadullah Kundi

Citation Information : Kundi I. Cephalometric Soft Tissue Standard and Gender Dimorphism in Nasal Prominence estimated By Holdaway's Analysis in Patients visiting College of Dentistry, Aljouf University. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017; 18 (2):152-155.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2007

Published Online: 01-02-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction

The objectives were to see the nasal prominence norm and the gender dimorphism in nasal prominence measured by Holdaway's soft tissue analysis.

Materials and methods

The sample size was 100 (50 males and 50 females). The subjects included in the study were of Saudi origin with class I skeletal and dental relationship and all teeth present. The age group of the patients was between 18 and 28 years. The radiographs were traced and analyzed by two students and cross-checked by an orthodontist. The nasal prominence was measured according to the technique described by Holdaway.

Results

The descriptive statistics were calculated for both male and female groups. The mean value of nasal prominence when male and female samples were combined was 14.08 mm. No statistically significant difference was found (p = 0.083) when genders were compared. The level of significance was set at p < 0.05.

Conclusion

No statistically significant difference was found when genders were compared. The value for males was normal while the value for females was less than Holdaway's normal.

Clinical significance

These values would aid in treatment planning for orthognathic surgery and orthodontic treatment.

How to cite this article

Kundi I. Cephalometric Soft Tissue Standard and Gender Dimorphism in Nasal Prominence estimated by Holdaway's Analysis in Patients visiting College of Dentistry, Aljouf University. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017; 18(2):152-155.


PDF Share
  1. Nasal anatomy and maxillary surgery. I. Esthetic and anatomic principles. Int J Adult Orthodon Orthognath Surg 1989;4(1):27-37.
  2. Nasal tip complications. Facial Plast Surg 2012 Jun;28(3):294-302.
  3. Analysis of the midface, focusing on the nose: an anthropometric study in young Koreans. J Craniofac Surg 2010 Nov;21(6):1941-1944.
  4. Individual and ethnic aspects of preoperative planning for posttraumatic rhinoplasty. Eur J Plast Surg 2011 Aug;34(4):245-249.
  5. Rhinoplasty multiracial, otolaryngology and facia. Plast Surg 2006;1(11).
  6. A 3D anthropometric analysis of the orolabial region in Chinese young adults. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2013 Dec;51(8):908-912.
  7. Cephalometric analysis of profile nasal esthetics. Part I. Method and normative data. Int J Adult Orthodon Orthognath Surg 1996;11(2):91-103.
  8. Rhinometry: spectrum of nasal profile among Nigerian Africans. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2011 Sep-Oct;77(5):589-593.
  9. A three-dimensional evaluation of Māori and New Zealand European faces. Aust Orthod J 2014 Nov;30(2):169-175.
  10. Three dimensional laser scan assessment of the Oriental nose with a new classification of Oriental nasal types. Br J Plast Surg 2000 Mar;53(2):109-116.
  11. Holdaway measurement norms in Turkish adults. Quintessence Int 2002 Nov-Dec;33(10):757-762.
  12. Holdaway's analysis of the nose prominence of an adult Nigerian population. Niger J Clin Pract 2015 Jul-Aug;18(4):548-552.
  13. The soft tissue profile, growth and treatment changes. Angle Orthod 1961 Apr;31(2):105-122.
  14. The art of measurement. San Francsco: Alan Wofsy Fine Arts; 1981.
  15. Nose morphology in individuals with Angle Class I, Class II or Class III occlusions. Acta Odontol Scand 1975;33(1):53-57.
  16. Quantitative method for the evaluation of the soft-tissue facial profile. Am J Orthod 1959 Oct;45(10):738-751.
  17. Nasal morphology as an indicator of vertical maxillary skeletal pattern. J Orthod 2009 Sep;36(3):160-166.
  18. Evaluation of soft and hard tissue changes after bimaxillary surgery in class III orthognathic surgery and aesthetic consideration. Natl J Maxillofac Surg 2014 Jul-Dec;5(2):157-160.
  19. Cephalometric analysis of profile nasal esthetics. Part II. Patients with vertical maxillary excess. Int J Adult Orthodon Orthognath Surg 1996;11(3):205-210.
  20. Longitudinal study of cephalometric soft tissue profile traits between the ages of 6 and 18 years. Angle Orthod 2014 Jan;84(1):48-55.
  21. Soft-tissue cephalometric norms for the Lambada population in Telangana Region of Andhra Pradesh. Indian J Dent Res 2012 May-Jun;23(3):353-358.
  22. Evaluation of facial soft tissue parameters for Palestinians using Holdaway analysis. Saudi Dent J 2011 Oct;23(4):191-195.
  23. Ethnic differences in the soft tissue profiles of Turkish and European-American young adults with normal occlusions and well-balanced faces. Eur J Orthod 2012 Jun;34(3):296-301.
  24. Facial soft tissue values in Persian adults with normal occlusion and well-balanced faces. Angle Orthod 2009 May;79(3):491-494.
  25. A soft-tissue cephalometric analysis and its use in orthodontic treatment planning. Part I. Am J Orthod 1983 Jul;84(1):1-28.
  26. Soft tissue cephalometric norms in Japanese adults. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2000 Jul;118(1):84-89.
  27. Lateral cephalometric norms for adolescent Kuwaitis: soft tissue measurements. Med Princ Pract 2008;17(3):215-220.
  28. Soft-tissue cephalometric norms in Chinese adults with esthetic facial profiles. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1992 Nov;50(11):1184-1189.
  29. Determination of Holdaway soft tissue norms in Anatolian Turkish adults. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2003 Apr;123(4):395-400.
  30. Soft-tissue cephalometric norms in Yemeni men. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2007 Nov;132(5):576.e7-576.e14.
  31. Soft tissue facial profile analysis in patients with class I and class II skeletal pattern, visiting children's hospital, Lahore, Pakistan. Pak Oral Dent J 2008;28(2):183-188.
  32. Holdaway's soft tissue cephalometric norms for the population of Lucknow, India. J Oral Health Research 2010 Dec;1(4):153-159.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.