The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Archive
Related articles

VOLUME 18 , ISSUE 3 ( March, 2017 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Evaluation of the Role of Music as a Nonpharmacological Technique in Management of Child Patients

Himanshu Gupta, Prahlad Gupta

Citation Information : Gupta H, Gupta P. Evaluation of the Role of Music as a Nonpharmacological Technique in Management of Child Patients. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017; 18 (3):194-197.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2015

Published Online: 01-03-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction

Behavior management and reducing anxiety and pain are very important for success of treatment. Hence, apart from pharmacological management, such as conscious sedation, nonpharmacological interventions like music play a significant role. This study aims to evaluate the effects of music in reducing anxiety, pain, and behavior management.

Materials and methods

This study was conducted at the Department of Pedodontics in 2015. It consisted of 60 patients, age ranging from 3 to 7 years, who required dental treatment with local anesthesia. They were divided into three groups of 20 each. Group I consisted of upbeat music distraction group. Group II consisted of relaxing music distraction group. Group III consisted of control group. We scheduled the treatment in two visits. We used Venham picture test, North Carolina behavior rating scale, and visual analog scale test for the study. Baseline heart rate was also recorded.

Results

No significant differences were found among the three groups based on three scales used in the study.

Conclusion

Management of child patient in dental clinic is a challenge for clinician. Apart from various pharmacological techniques, management of pediatric patients using audio music distraction has been introduced. However, music did not produce a reduction in pain, anxiety, or disruptive behavior.

Clinical significance

Various pharmacological techniques are present for the management of pediatric patients. Apart from it, there is need of introducing nonpharmacological techniques to reduce pain, anxiety, and to alter behavior of child. By this study, we have tried to evaluate the usefulness of music in child management.

How to cite this article

Gupta N, Gupta H, Gupta P, Gupta N. Evaluation of the Role of Music as a Nonpharmacological Technique in Management of Child Patients. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(3):194-197.


PDF Share
  1. Preoperative anxiety management, emergence delirium, and postoperative behavior. Anesthesiol Clin 2014 Mar;32(1):1-23.
  2. Music for pain and anxiety in children undergoing medical procedures: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Ambul Pediatr 2008 Mar-Apr;8(2):117-128.
  3. Music to reduce pain and distress in the pediatric emergency department: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Pediatr 2013 Sep;167(9):826-835.
  4. Nonpharmacologic management of pain. J Am Ostheopath Assoc 2004 Nov;104(11 Suppl 8):S6-S12.
  5. The effects of live music on the distress of pediatric patients receiving intravenous starts, venipunctures, injections, and heel sticks. J Music Ther 1996 Mar;33(1):19-33.
  6. The effects of music-assisted relaxation on preoperative anxiety. J Music Ther 1995 Mar;32(1):2-21.
  7. Music therapy: proposed physiological mechanisms and clinical implications. Clin Nurse Spec 1997 Mar;11(2):43-50.
  8. The effect of music distraction on pain, anxiety and behavior in pediatric dental patients. Pediatr Dent 2002 Mar-Apr;24(2):114-118.
  9. Music and health – What kind of music is helpful for whom? What music not? Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2009 Dec;134(51-52):2601-2606.
  10. Music interventions for improving psychological and physical outcomes in cancer patients. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008;CD006911.
  11. Relaxing music as pre-medication before surgery: a randomised controlled trial. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2009 Jul;53(6):759-764.
  12. Effectiveness of a distraction technique in managing young dental patients. Pediatr Dent 1981 Mar;3(1):7-11.
  13. The utility of cognitive coping strategies for altering pain perception: a meta-analysis. Pain 1989 Aug;38(2):123-135.
  14. Enhancing pediatric health care with music. J Pediatr Health Care 1996 Mar-Apr;10(2):74-81.
  15. The effect of ambient music upon the reactions of children undergoing dental treatment. ASDC J Dent Child 1981;48(6):430-432.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.