The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Archive
Related articles

VOLUME 18 , ISSUE 4 ( April, 2017 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Correlation of Orthodontic Treatment by Fixed or Myofunctional Appliances and Periodontitis: A Retrospective Study

Sukhpreet Mangat, Modi S Kichorchandra, Akash Handa, Suresh Bindhumadhav

Citation Information : Mangat S, Kichorchandra MS, Handa A, Bindhumadhav S. Correlation of Orthodontic Treatment by Fixed or Myofunctional Appliances and Periodontitis: A Retrospective Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017; 18 (4):322-325.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2039

Published Online: 01-04-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction

Malocclusion plays an important role in the development of periodontitis. Thus, by treating malocclusion, a good gingival health can be achieved. This study was conducted to establish the correlation between orthodontic tooth movement and periodontitis.

Materials and methods

This is a retrospective study conducted on 220 patients who underwent orthodontic treatment for malocclusion. They were divided into two groups: Group I patients were treated with fixed orthodontics, while group II patients received myofunctional appliances.

Results

The value for plaque, gingival recession, and tooth mobility significantly increased in group I patients. However, the difference was statistically nonsignificant in group II patients.

Conclusion

The authors concluded that there is correlation between malocclusion and periodontitis. Malocclusion leads to periodontitis.

Clinical significance

Malocclusion is the main reason for the development of poor periodontal health. Combined effort has to be played by both periodontist and orthodontist for the treatment of various orthodontic-periodontal problems.

How to cite this article

Sharma K, Mangat S, Kichorchandra MS, Handa A, Bindhumadhav S, Meena M. Correlation of Orthodontic Treatment by Fixed or Myofunctional Appliances and Periodontitis: A Retrospective Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(4):322-325.


PDF Share
  1. Severity of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment needs among 12- to 15-year-old school children of Davangere District, Karnataka, India. Eur J Dent 2010 Jul;4(3):298-307.
  2. Gingival condition associated with partial orthodontic treatment. Acta Odontol Scand 1972 Mar;30(1):127-136.
  3. Periodontal pathogen levels in adolescents before, during, and after fixed orthodontic appliance therapy. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2009 Jan;135(1):95-98.
  4. Influence of orthodontic anomalies on periodontal condition. Odontostomatol Trop 2007 Jun;30(118):9-16.
  5. Mucogingival changes resulting from mandibular incisor tooth movement. Am J Orthod 1978 Sep;74(3):286-297.
  6. Root resorption, marginal bone support and clinical crown length in orthodontically treated patients. Eur J Orthod 1980;2(4):197-205.
  7. The relationships between malocclusion, fixed orthodontic appliances and periodontal disease. A review of the literature. Aust Orthod J 2007 Nov;23(2):121-129.
  8. Periodontal health and relative quantity of subgingival Porphyromonas gingivalis during orthodontic treatment. Angle Orthod 2011 Jul;81(4):609-615.
  9. Evidence-based care in orthodontics and periodontics: a review of the literature. J Am Dent Assoc 1999 Apr;130(4):521-527.
  10. A classification of marginal tissue recession. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 1985;5(2):8-13.
  11. The effects of orthodontic therapy on periodontal health: a systematic review of controlled evidence. J Am Dent Assoc 2008 Apr;139(4):413-422.
  12. Perio-ortho interrelationship: a review. Scholars J Appl Med Sci 2016;4:2238-2243.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.