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VOLUME 18 , ISSUE 7 ( July, 2017 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Effect of Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate and Three Calcium Phosphate on Enamel Microhardness

En HR Haghgou, Roza Haghgoo, Mohamad R Roholahi, Zahra Ghorbani

Citation Information : Haghgou EH, Haghgoo R, Roholahi MR, Ghorbani Z. Effect of Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate and Three Calcium Phosphate on Enamel Microhardness. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017; 18 (7):583-586.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2088

Published Online: 00-07-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

This study aims to investigate the effect of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate and three calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP and TCP) on increasing the microhardness of human enamel after induction of erosion.

Materials and methods

A total of 26 healthy human-impacted third molar teeth were chosen, and their hardness measured using a microhardness testing machine. The samples were immersed in Coca Cola (pH = 4.7) for 8 minutes. Then, microhardness was measured again, and these samples were randomly divided into four groups (two control groups and two experimental groups). (1) Negative control group: Artificial saliva was used for 10 minutes, (2) positive control group: Fluoride gel was used for 10 minutes, (3) β-TCP group: TCP was used for 10 minutes, (4) CCP-ACP group: CCP-ACP was used for 10 minutes. The final microhardness of those samples was measured, and the changes in microhardness of teeth within group and between groups were analyzed using the paired and analysis of variance tests respectively. Results were considered statistically significant at a level of p < 0.05.

Results

No significant difference was observed in microhardness between CPP-ACP group and TCP group (p = 0.368) during the time microhardness significantly dropped after soaking in soda.

Conclusion

Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate and TCP increased the microhardness of teeth. The increase in hardness in the TCP group was higher than in the CPP-ACP group, but this difference was not significant (p = 0.36).

Clinical significance

Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate and TCP can affect the remineralization of erosive lesions.

How to cite this article

Haghgou EHR, Haghgoo R, Roholahi MR, Ghorbani Z. Effect of Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate and Three Calcium Phosphate on Enamel Microhardness. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(7):583-586.


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