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VOLUME 18 , ISSUE 8 ( August, 2017 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Impact of Polishing Systems on the Surface Roughness and Microhardness of Nanocomposites

Yasser Alfawaz

Citation Information : Alfawaz Y. Impact of Polishing Systems on the Surface Roughness and Microhardness of Nanocomposites. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017; 18 (8):647-651.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2100

Published Online: 01-08-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

The aim of this article is to evaluate the influence of finishing and polishing techniques on the surface roughness and microhardness of two composite resins with two different types of polishing systems.

Materials and methods

A total of 30 disk-shaped specimens of nanocomposite Filtek™ Z350 and Ceram-X® were prepared. They were divided into three groups. The control group (n = 10) received no finishing and polishing. The remaining specimens were divided into two groups, and they received polishing and finishing either with PoGo or Sof-Lex system. After the polishing procedures, average surface roughness (Ra) was assessed with a surface profilometer. The microhardness was determined using a Vickers hardness test. The data were tabulated and analyzed.

Results

The smoothest surfaces were noticed with the control group (Mylar strips) in both composite materials tested. The PoGo one-step polishing system showed significantly better surface roughness compared with the Sof-Lex polishing system. The microhardness did not show any significant variations after finishing and polishing.

Conclusion

It can be concluded that the use of PoGo® onestep polishing system resulted in smoother surface with both composite materials studied compared with the Sof-Lex system. The finishing and polishing system had little influence on the surface microhardness.

Clinical significance

The finishing procedure and polishing system can affect the physical properties and performance of resin composites.

How to cite this article

Alfawaz Y. Impact of Polishing Systems on the Surface Roughness and Microhardness of Nanocomposites. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(8):647-651.


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