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VOLUME 18 , ISSUE 9 ( September, 2017 ) > List of Articles


Stigma and Discrimination faced by HIV-infected Adults on Antiretroviral Therapy for more than 1 Year in Raichur Taluk, Karnataka, India

Shrikanth Muralidharan, Arun Kumar Acharya, Shanthi Margabandu, Shalini Purushotaman, Ranjit Kannan, Sangeeta Mahendrakar

Citation Information : Muralidharan S, Acharya AK, Margabandu S, Purushotaman S, Kannan R, Mahendrakar S. Stigma and Discrimination faced by HIV-infected Adults on Antiretroviral Therapy for more than 1 Year in Raichur Taluk, Karnataka, India. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017; 18 (9):765-770.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2123

Published Online: 01-12-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; The Author(s).



The aim of this study was to evaluate the stress and discrimination faced by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-affected adult patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) for more than 1 year.

Materials and methods

A cross-sectional study was carried out among 170 adults on ART, reporting to the ART center of the District Civil Hospital, for more than 1 year in Raichur Taluk, Karnataka, India. Convenience sampling technique was followed. Descriptive statistics was performed (Chi-square test) using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 16.0.


A total of 156 (91.8%) patients’ families had knowledge about their seropositive status. Seventeen (10.9%) HIV-positive patients reported of change in the attitude of their family members. The main reasons for not revealing the HIV status were the internalized stigma and fear of rejection. Women faced greater discrimination from family, friends, and neighbors than men.


It is necessary to not undermine the effect of rejection due to HIV. It is the only infection that has so many associated social and psychological norms which we need to tend at the earnest. Till date, there is an existence of condescendence toward treatment approach.

Clinical significance

The presence of stigma and the fear of being discriminated could be a major hurdle in the rehabilitation of these patients into the mainstream society. Furthermore, it serves as an existing challenge to ascertain these individuals to achieve overall health.

How to cite this article

Muralidharan S, Acharya AK, Margabandu S, Purushotaman S, Kannan R, Mahendrakar S, Kulkarni D. Stigma and Discrimination faced by HIV-infected Adults on Antiretroviral Therapy for more than 1 Year in Raichur Taluk, Karnataka, India. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017; 18(9):765-770.

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