Clinicomicrobiological Evaluation of 2% Chitosan
Mouthwashes on Dental Plaque
Sheetal P Mhaske, Divya Iska, Rajesh Ambiti, Umang Jagga, Uttam Paul, Shruthi M Shanmukappa
Citation Information :
Mhaske SP, Iska D, Ambiti R, Jagga U, Paul U, M Shanmukappa S. Clinicomicrobiological Evaluation of 2% Chitosan Mouthwashes on Dental Plaque. J Contemp Dent Pract 2018; 19 (1):94-97.
Aim: This study was conducted to evaluate microbiological and
clinical effects of a chitosan chlorhexidine (CH) mouthrinse on
Materials and methods: Subjects were divided into three
groups. Group I included 15 subjects who used 0.2% chlorhexidine
digluconate (CHX), group II included 15 subjects who used
2% chitosan (CH) solution, and group III involves 15 subjects
who used 0.2% chlorhexidine/2% CH combination. Plaque index
(PI), gingival index (GI), and probing depth (PD) were recorded
at the baseline, on day 0, and after 4 days. Supragingival
plaque samples were subjected for microbiological evaluation.
Statistical analysis was done using statistical software IBM
Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), version 21.
Results: Plaque index was lowest in group I at day 0, while it
was highest in group III. At day 4, PI was highest in group II, while
lowest in group III. Gingival index was lowest in group I and highest
in group II at day 0, and lowest in group I and highest in group
III at day 4. There was no statistical difference in Streptococcus
mutans (S. mutans) count between groups at any time interval.
Conclusion: Both chitosan and CH were found to be effective
in controlling plaque. However, a combination of both provides
even better results.
Clinical significance: The present study showed that chitosan
can be used as an antiplaque agent.
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