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VOLUME 19 , ISSUE 3 ( March, 2018 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Quality of Life-related “Patient-reported Outcome Measures” in Oral Submucous Fibrosis Patients

Monal Yuwanati, Rima S Gondivkar

Citation Information : Yuwanati M, Gondivkar RS. Quality of Life-related “Patient-reported Outcome Measures” in Oral Submucous Fibrosis Patients. J Contemp Dent Pract 2018; 19 (3):331-338.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2262

License: CC BY 3.0

Published Online: 01-03-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study was to explore the patients’ perspectives about the impact of oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) on life quality.

Materials and methods

Thirty clinically diagnosed OSF patients with a wide degree of disease severity and diverse range of sociodemographic profile were included in this study. Fourteen participants were interviewed and four focus group discussions were conducted in nonclinical settings. The audio recordings were anonymized, transcribed, and translated in English from Marathi language. Data were analyzed using an in-depth narrative thematic analysis method.

Results

Four main themes evolved from the interviews: (1) discomfort and functional impairment; (2) psychological wellness; (3) physical wellness, and (4) social wellness. Majority of the participants discussed about discomfort and functional impairment. Participants also reported greater impact of OSF on psychological and social wellness.

Conclusion

This study demonstrated the impact of OSF on different aspects of participant’s life. “Discomfort and functional impairment” was noticed to be the most recognized theme by our participants. However, OSF also has impacts on other important domains, namely psychological, social, and physical wellness.

Clinical significance

The patient-reported outcome (PRO) measure (PROM) reflects an integral aspect of general health and well-being and thus can be used to elucidate the impact of OSF on the quality of life (QoL) of affected individuals. These patients’ perspectives should be taken into consideration along with thorough clinical examination to decide and effectively manage the overall health care needs of the OSF patients.

How to cite this article

Gondivkar SM, Bhowate RR, Gadbail AR, Sarode SC, Gondivkar RS, Yuwanati M, Patil S. Quality of Life-related “Patient-reported Outcome Measures” in Oral Submucous Fibrosis Patients. J Contemp Dent Pract 2018;19(3):331-338.


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